Azamgarh

History of Azamgarh

Azamgarh district hospital

The district is named after its headquarter, Azamgarh, which was founded in 1665 by Azam, son of Vikramajit. Vikramajit a descendant of Gautam Rajputs of Mehnagar in pargana Nizamabad, like some of his predecessors, had embraced the faith of Islam.

He had a Muhammadan wife who bore him two sons Azam and Azmat. While Azam gave his name to the town of Azamgarh, and the fort, Azmat constructed the fort and settled the bazar of Azmatgarh in pargana Sagri.

Craft & Culture of Azamgarh

The major community belongs to Hindu religion and they are divided into 4 branches which are Brahman, Khatriya, Vaisya, Sudra. The ancient division was mainly occupational but gradually it developed into a hereditary order. The principal deities worshipped by the Hindu are Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Laxmi, Ram, Hanuman, Ganesh and nine forms of Devi(Durga), viz, Shailputri, Brahmcharni, Chitraghanta, Kusamandini, Skandmata, Katyayani, Mahagauri, Kalratri and Sidhmata.

The practice of a taking a holy dip in river is also famous. The important festival are Nav Durga, Ramnaumi, Krishna Janmasthmi, Shivratri, Deepawali, Dashara and Holi. The sacred books are Vedas, Upanishads, Geeta, Shrimad Bhagavata, Puran and Ramayan.

Geography of Azamgarh

Azamgarh experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with large variations between summer and winter temperatures.vSummers are long, from early April to October with intervening monsoon seasons, and are also extremely hot, even by South Asian standards. The temperature ranges between 22 and 46 °C (72 and 115 °F) in the summers. Winters in Azamgarh see very large diurnal variations, with warm days and downright cold nights.

Cold waves from the Himalayan region cause temperatures to dip across the city in the winter from December to February and temperatures below 5 °C (41 °F) are not uncommon. The average annual rainfall is 1,110 mm (44 in). Fog is common in the winters, while hot dry winds, called loo, blow in the summers.In recent years, the water level of the Tamsa has decreased significantly.

How to Reach

By road

Azamgarh is connected with Lucknow (268 km) and Delhi (761 km) by road. It has one of the biggest bus depots in eastern Uttar Pradesh and regular bus services to almost all district headquarters of Uttar Pradesh and also to Delhi. Recently A NH 233 Passed From Varanasi To Lumbini Via Azamgarh which is to be four and NH 233B is new rote in Azamgarh, Rajesultanpur, Gorakhpur Road

By train

Azamgarh is one of the most important railway station of eastern Uttar Pradesh. The city is directly connected to Delhi by Kaifiyat express, to Mumbai by Godaan express, to Ahmedabad, the state capital Lucknow, Jaipur, Ajmer, and Amritsar, to Kolkata by BP AMH Express (13137).

By air

Azamgarh has a new airport, Manduri Airport, which is 9 km from the city. The nearest big airport is Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport (Varanasi), 100 km away.

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