Basti

About Basti

Kendriya Vidyalaya Basti

Basti district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India and Basti town is the district headquarter. Basti district is a part of Basti Division.

Basti was originally known as village. The origin of the name Vaishishthi is attributed to the fact that this area was the Ashram of Rishi (sage) Vashistha in ancient period. Lord Rama with his younger brother Laxman had been here for some time with rishi Vasistha.

The tract comprising the present district was remote and much of it was covered with forest.

But gradually the area became inhabitable, for want of recorded and reliable history. It cannot, with any degree of certainty, be said how the district came to known by its present name on account of the original habitation (Basti) having been selected by the Kalhan Raja as a seat of his Raj, an event which probably occurred in the 16th century.

In 1801, Basti became the Tehsil headquarter and in 1865 it was chosen as the headquarter of the newly established district.

History of Basti

In very ancient period the country around Basti was part of Kosala. The Shatapatha Brahmana speaks of Kosala as one of the countries of the Vedic Aryans and the grammarian Panini mentions it in one of his Sutras. It was during the rule of Rama, the eldest son of Dasharatha, that the glory of the Kosala royal dynasty reached its culmination. According to the tradition, Rama's elder son Kush ascended the throne of Kosala while the younger son Lav became the ruler of the northern part of the kingdom with its capital as Shravasti. In the 93rd generation from Ikshvaku and 30th from Rama was Brihadbala, the last famous king of the Ikshvaku dynasty who was killed in Great Mahabharata battle.

With the decline of the Guptas in sixth century CE, Basti also began gradually to become desolate. At this time a new dynasty, that of the Maukharis, with its capital as Kannauj, assumed an important position on the political map of northern India and perhaps this kingdom in included present district also.

In the beginning of the 9th century BC, the Gurjara–Pratihara king, Nagabhata II, overthrew the Ayodhyas who was then ruling at Kannauj, and made this city the capital of his growing empire which rose to its greatest height in the reign of the famous Mihira Bhoja I (836-885 A.D.). During the reign of Mahipal, the power of Kannauj began to decline and Awadh was divided into small chieftainships, but all of them ultimately yielded to the newly rising power of Gahadwals of Kannauj. Jaychandra (1170-1194 A.D.), the last important ruler of the dynasty was killed in the battle of Chandawar (near Etawah) fighting against the invading army of Muhammad of Ghor. Soon after his death Kannauj was occupied by the Turks.

According to the legends, for centuries Basti was a wilderness and that greater part of Awadh was occupied by the Bhars. No definite evidence is available about the Bhars origin and early history. The evidence of an extensive Bhar kingdom in the district can be gleaned only from the ruins of ancient brick buildings popularly ascribed to the Bhars and found in abundance in a number of villages of this district.

Geography of Basti

The district lies between the parallels of 26° 23' and 27° 30' north latitude and 82° 17' and 83° 20' east longitude in North India, state of Uttar pradesh. Its maximum length from north to south is about 75 km and breadth from east to west about 70 km. Basti lies between the newly created district Sant Kabir Nagar district on the east and Gonda district on the west.

On the south, the Ghaghara River separates it from Faizabad district and newly created Ambedkar Nagar district, while on the north, the district is surrounded by Siddharthnagar district. The district lies entirely in the submontane plain, with no natural elevations to diversify its surface.

Culture & Festivals of Basti

Mahatma Kabir, the well-known poet and philosopher used to live at Maghar in Basti district. The inhabitants of the district celebrate festivals like Nav Durga, Ramnaumi, Krishna Janmasthmi, Shivratri, Deepawali, Id-ul-Fitar, Id-uz-Zuha, Moharram, Dussehra and Holi. The festival Nav Durga puja is celebrated for 15 days, all street of the city are decorated with fancy electric light and beautiful nav durga murti. The people of the city celebrate this occasion with warmth and happiness, the rural people also participate in this fair. The district administration makes all preventive arrangement during this period.

Language

Vernaculars spoken in Basti include Awadhi in Basti West areas & Bhojpuri in Basti East Side.Most of the people read and write in Hindi

Food

Main food of the people are Roti (wheat), rice, Dal (arhar) and seasonal vegetables and fruits.

Clothes

In rural area, most of the men wear Kurta, Dhoti and women wear sari and blouse and in urbon area men wear shirt and pants , girls wear salwar suit and women wear sari and blouse.

Weather & Climate of Basti

Climate

Basti's climate is more equable than that of the adjoining districts to the south. The year may be divided into four seasons. Winter, from mid-November to February, is followed by summer, which lasts until approximately the middle of June. The period from mid-June to the end of September is the southwest monsoon season, and October to mid-November is the post-monsoon or transition period.

Cloudiness

During the monsoon season, and for brief spells of a day or two in winter, heavily clouded or overcast skies prevail. During the rest of the year the skies are mostly clear or lightly clouded.

Rainfall

The average annual rainfall of the district is 1166 mm.

Temperature

During the winter season, the mean minimum temperature is about 9°C and the mean maximum temperature 23°C. During the summer, the mean minimum is about 25°C and the mean maximum about 44°C.

Humidity

In the southwest monsoon and post-monsoon seasons the relative humidity is above 70%. Thereafter the humidity decreases, and in the summer the air is very dry.

Winds

The winds are in general very light, with a slight increase during the late summer and monsoon seasons. The average annual wind speed ranges from 2.0 to 7.1 km/h.

Places to Visit

Pakke Bazar, Ahmath Pull, Kutiwa, Ganeshpur, Makhauda, Chawni Bazar, Nagar, Chando Tal, Barah, Jama Masjid, Kateshwar park, Van Vihar, Bhadeshwar Nath, Paida, Mahua dabar, Bhuila taal, pakari bikhy, dihwa(jaitapur)and Agauna are the major tourist attractions.

Some Other Places

Karanpur is situated about 15 km from Harraiya, Shringinari is a religious place. A famous temple of Lord Shiva is situated at Tilakpur. The village Tilakpur is very well known for its spirituality. Near the Tilakpur, there is a village named Marha, which is popular for its corn production.

There is a famous temple of Durga ji Known as Sammymahrani at shringinari near the village Vasewa Pandey (Harriya Tehshil).In this village all Brahmins are Pandey. It is known for sugarcane & wheat production. Every year, a fair is held here under the name Budhwamangar.

Horticulture R&D Training Centre

Horticulture R&D Training Centre was established in 1956-57 in this district to promote horticultural development in eastern belt of U.P. The research and extension works for the development of important fruits, vegetables, spices and ornamental plants, are being performed at this centre. The collection of important fruits of India is being also done at this centre.

A Mushroom spawn production laboratory is under construction here through which high quality mushroom seed will be produced and supplied to producers. Bee keeping training is also imparted to farmers. The general variety mangoes including Amrapali, Romani and Neelam plants are internationally important plants of this centre, which are being supplied to other districts of the country.

Pakke Bazar

Pakke Bazar is the central market of Basti district. The daily market needs are sufficed by this market place. Major old shops are For Telecom Contact G.L.Infosys, Hare Krishna General Store, Buddhilal ki dukaan, Gopal & Agarwal Stationery, Sainik Sports Shop, Vinod Beej Bhandar, Nirula Press, Kamal Tent House, Basti Nursing Home & X-Ray, Goel Enterprises, Saaket Washing Company, Ravi Chudi Kendra, Omisha Beauty Parlour, Balram & Sons Jewellers, Pahujaani Chudi Kendra, Roopsaari Kendra, Tulasyaan, Roopam Dresses, Prakash Batteries, Nizam Tent House, Satyendra Guest House and many more. The market place is very busy throughout the day hence going by rickshaw or cycle is best.

Harraiya

Harraiya is situated at NH28. It is one of the Tehsil in Basti District.

Katra Bazar

Katra Bazar has taxi stand for Bansi, Sonha Bhanpur. It also comprises some shops like Milan General Store, Pili Kothi Market etc.

Ahmath Pull

Ahmath Pull is over the River Kuwano. It is on the outskirts of the city. The bridge was built during British rule. It connected Basti to Ayodhya (58 km), Faizabad (62 km), Lucknow (190 km). Climbing down the bridge is a Shiva temple beside the math on the river Kuwano. The place is a good retreat away from raffle taffle of the town. Many people come here for worship, morning walks, exercises and relaxation.

Chawni Bazar

Chawni Bazar is situated at a distance of 40 kms from the district headquarters. It was the main shelter for freedom struggle during 1857 and is famous for having a Pipal (tree) where about 250 martyrs were hanged by British Government in action taken after murder of Gen. Fort.

Chando Tal

Chando Tal is situated about 8 km from the district headquarters on the way to Kalwari. It is believed that, in ancient times there was an estate named Chandra Nagar which had been later converted into lake as a result of natural degradation and became the famous Chando Tal. It is a stretch of water about 5 km long and 4 km. wide. Around this lake, fishermen and others are still getting an ornaments made of metal and other historical residues belonging to ancient period. Indigenous and migratory birds use to come to this lake every year.

Rashtriya Van Chetna Kendra (Sant Ravi Das Van Vihar)

Van Vihar is established on the bank of river Kuwana on the way to Ganeshpur village at a distance of about 1 km from the district headquarters. There is an attractive children's park and lake has been established by the Government as a picnic spot. Boating is also available at this place in lake as well as in river Kuwana. Generally during holidays and on Sundays there is more rush in comparison to other days of the week.

Barah Chhatar

Barah is about 15 km on the bank of river Kuwana, west ward from the district headquarter. This place is mainly famous for Barah temple. Barah Chhatar is popularly known as Viyagrapuri in mythological books. It is also famous for a mythological place of Lord Shiva. At its bank a village is situated named "Sansarpur"

Bhadeshwar Nath

Bhadeshwar Nath is about 5–6 km. on the bank of river kuwana from the district headquarters. There is a famous temple of Lord Shiva. It was believed that this temple was established by Ravana. A fair is held here on the occasion of Shivratri, which is attended by many people from different parts of the state. A Great shiva linga is mounted in this great temple. The Name of this Shiva linga & Bhadreshwar nath is also written in SHIVA MAHAPURAN.

Lalpur

This village is situated at a distance of 45 kms from the Basti District. It is known as a village of Kayastha. This village is famous in whole district due to a well-known personality of Mr. Krishna Prakash Srivastava (Mannan Bhaiya) and he did a lot of development in the village like Post Office, Petrol Pump Cum Kishan Sewa Kendra, Road &Light. Mr. Bhanu Prakash Srivastava (Gunnan Bhaiya) is Post Master of this branch. This village is a surrounded on three side by Manorama river. In summer season, people come here to enjoy the beauty of nature. This village is on the way to three main markets of Rajwapur, Jagdishpur and Kohrayein. Outside this village, there is a famous Temple of Samma Maai

Shrinagginari

Shrinagginari is situated 5 km. from the Karmiya, a very old temple situated at this place and every Tuesday there is a small fair.

Hotels & Restaurants

Hotel Prakash, Suyash Palace, Hotel Shivay, Satendra Guest House, Harsh Deep, Maharaja Hotel, Griraj Hotel, Boons Restaurant and NR Group ,

Banks

State Bank of India Main Branch Pakkae Bazar, SBI Court Area, Company Bag, Bank of India Near Janta Hotel, Central Bank APN Degree collage, Punjab National Bank Tripathi Gali, HDFC Bank near Roadways, ICICI Bank Hotel Maharaja Malviya road, Canara Bank Malviya Road, Axix Bank Near Kotawali Basti and Union Bank Vikas Bhawan, Basti.

How to Reach

By Rail

The Basti City is well connected by Railway, the main rail line connects Lucknow with Gorakhpur.It is situated 214 K.M. from Lucknow and 72 K.M. from Gorakhpur.The following impartant trains are passing through Basti: Vaishali Exp, Gorakhdham Exp, Intercity Exp, Bagh Exp, Shaheed Exp, Avadh-Assam Exp etc.

By Road

Four lane NH-28 is connected to Basti City . From Lucknow to Basti Via Faizabad is 210 K.M. Volvo Bus services are also provided by UPSTRC at nominal prices on this route..

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