Chandauli

About Chandauli

Rajdari Waterfall inside Chandraprabha National Park Chandauli, Uttar Pradesh

Being the part of Kashi Kingdom , the history of Chandauli district is the same as that of Kashi Kingdom and Varanasi district. Before the birth of lord Buddha, in 6th century B.C.,Bharatvarsha was divided into sixteen Mahajanpadas, Kashi was one of them and its capital was Varanasi.

Modern Banaras with its surroundings region was called as kashi Mahajanpad.

Varanasi city is one of the ancient cities of India, as well as among the ancient towns of the world.It’s name comes in Puranas, Mahabharata and Ramayana. It is a centre of learning since long back. it is a sacred place of Hindus as well as Buddhists and Jains also.

The name of Kashi came to be known after name of king Kashi the seventh king of this dynasty. After the seventh generation a famous King Dhanwantari, ruled over this region, whose name is famous in the field of medicine as founder of Ayurveda.

Kashi kingdom was, however, dominated by Brahmadutta dynasty of Magadh during the century preceding the Mahabharata war but post Mahabharata period saw the rise of Brahmadutta dynasty. About hundred kings of this generation are said to have had their supremacy over this region, some of these rulers became the Chakravarty Samrat.

King Manoj of kashi brought the kingdom of Kaushala, Anga and Magadh in his possession and annexed their territories to his empire. In the Jain scriptures, a king of kashi named Ashwasewa was the father of 23rd Tirthankar Parshvanath.

In, 1775 Kashi Kingdom had come under the influence of British Empire. The last king of this generation was Bibhuti Narayan Singh who ruled for about eight years till the emergence of independence, Banaras state was merged with India.

History of Chandauli

The history of the district is mostly unknown. There are some deserted sites, tanks and kund seen in tahsils of the district and they carry vague legends. One of the ancient site of the district, ”Baluwa” is situated about 21 km. to the southern part of tahsil sakaldiha on the banks of river Ganga where Ganga flows from east to west direction.

A religious fair for Hindus takes place every year in the month of Magha(January) which is known as "Pachchim vahini Mela” it is said that the Ganga flows east to west direction only at two places in the country first in Allahabad and second one at Baluwa.

Village Ramgarh of tahsil sakaldiha, known as birth place of great Aghoreshwari saint shree Kinaram Baba is just 6 km. away from Chahniya. He was a great follower of vaishnav faith and also Shiva and Shakta faith, and believed in God power. He devoted his entire life for the services of mankind. This place has become holy for Hindus.

In one of the ancient sites in the village Hetampur, there is a fort which is known as "Fort of Hetam” situated about 22 km. to the north east from the district headquarters. The ruins of this fort are spread over 22 bigas in area.

It is said that this fort was designed and constructed between 14th to 15th Centuries by Todar Mal Khatri who was the construction supervisor in the kingdom of Sher Shah Suri. After Mughal period, Hetam Khan, Talukedar and Jagirdar captured this fort.

There are five famous ruined kot, known as Bhulaini Kot, Bhitari Kot, Bichali Kot, Uttrai Kot and Dakchhani Kot, which attract the visitors. Some say that it was constructed by Hetam himself.

Geography of Chandauli

The District Chandauli is located in 24° 56' to 25° 35' to north and 81° 14' to84° 24' east at a distance of about 30 kms east-south-east of Varanasi. Chandauli is surrounded on east by Bihar State , on the north-north-east by Ghazipur District, South by Sonbhadra District, South-east by Bihar and South-West by Mirzapur. Karmanasa river is the dividing line from Bihar State.

Ganga, Karmanasa and Chandraprabha rivers form the geographical and economic strategy of the district.

Places to Visit

The district Chandauli is of much importance for tourism. If you visit the region of Chakiya and Naugrarh during rainy season, you will find the real beauty is gifted by the nature, whole region of Chakiya, spread over with paddy crops and cloudy sky is bending upon as if trying to touch the earth. The forest of Naugarh, beautiful Dams and waterfall always attract tourists.

Naugarh, the legend of Novel of Devkinandan Khatri, the writer of famous novel Chandrakanta In the district Latifshah Beer, Rajdari and Deodari waterfalls Chakiya, Chandraprabha dam, Naugarh Dam, Arvatand waterfall Naugarh, are the major tourist attractions. The regions bear tremendous possibilities for development of tourism, specifically eco-tourism and forestry.

Baba Jageshwar Nath(Hetimpur) Van Chetna Kendra, Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary are being developed by Kashi Wildlife Division, Ramnagar Varanasi. Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary was setup during 1957 covering 9.6 th. hectare of reserved forest area in Chandraprabha and Jaimohini Range (partially). Rajdari, Devdari and Aurwatand(Small Devdari) are the main tourist places in this range. The waterfall of Rajdari and Devdari is situated on Chandraprabha river and near to these waterfall is Chandraprabha Dam. Around the waterfall, the forest area is full of natural beauty.

Waterfall is barricaded with stone wall to safeguard wild animals, especially during rainy season. From July to November the beauty of the place is on peak, apprx.1 to 1.5 lacs tourists visit the place every year.

The attractions and major spots are Dhanapur Martyr Memorial Baba Kinaram Sacred Place Chakiya Kali Mandir , Baba Latifshah Tomb and Others.70km from Varanasi are the forests of Chandraprabha. These forests nestle within them the Rajdari and Devodari waterfalls, a beautiful secluded place for a relaxed outing or a picnic and a tour on Karmanasha River.

Waterfalls

Rajdari

Devdari

Aurvatard

Karmasha

Lakes

Chandraprabha

Bhaisoda

Naugarh

Mushakhard

Latifshah

Rivers

Ganga

Karmanasha

Chandraprabha

Dams

Naugarh

Mushakhard

Chandraprabha

Latifshah

Bhaisoda

Canals

Chandraprabha

Mushakhard

Narayanpur Lift Canal

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