About Deoria

Somnath Temple Deoria

This district is located between 26 ° 6' north and 27° 8' to 83° 29' east and 84° 26' east longitude out of which district Kushinagar was created in 1994 by taking north & east portion of Deoria district .

District Deoria is surrounded by district kushinagar in North, district Gopalganj & Siwan(Bihar state) in East , district Mau & district Ballia in south and district Gorakhpur in West . Deoria district headquarter is situated at 53 km. milestone from Gorakhpur by road towards east . Ghaghara , Rapti & Chhoti Gandak are the main rivers in this district .

Deoria District came into existence at March 16' 1946 from Gorakhpur district. The name DEORIA is derived from 'Devaranya' or probably 'Devpuria' as believed . According to official, gazettes, the district name 'Deoria' is taken by it's headquarter name 'Deoria' and the term ' DEORIA' generally means a place where there are temples. The name ' DEORIA' originated by a fossil (broken) Shiva Temple by the side of 'Kurna River' in its northside.

History of Deoria

Current area of this district was a part of 'Koshal rajya'- a prime centre of ancient Arya culture' surrounded by Himalaya in north, Shyandika river in south, 'Panchal rajya' in west & Maghadh rajya in (Bihar) east. Besides many fictions related with this area, astro-historical fossils ('murtee', coins, bricks, temples, Budh math etc.) are found at many places of this district, showing that there was a developed & organised society long ago.

Ancient history of the district is related with the Ramayana times when 'Koshal Naresh' lord Ram appointed his elder son, 'Kush', the king of Kushawati- which is todays Kushinagar.

Before Mahabharat times, this area was related with Chakravorty Samrat 'Mahasudtsan' & his kingdom 'kushinagar' was well developed & prosperous. Nearby to his rajya border was the thick area woods 'Maha-van'. This area was under control of Maurya rulers,Gupta rulers & Bhar rulers , and then under control of Gharwal ruler 'Govind Chandra' from year -1114 to year- 1154. This area was under control of Avadh rulers or Bihar Muslim ruled during medieval times, is not very clear.

There was little control of oldest Delhi rulers - Sultan , Nizam or Khilji's on this region. There is no description of this area in east war/attack/invasion scripts by Muslim historians meaning by Muslim invaders would have seldom visited thick wood area of this region. Many places of this district played an important role in the modern history of this district. Important ones are- Paina, Baikuntpur, Berhaj, Lar, Rudrapur, Hata, Kasia, Gauribazar, Kaptanganj, Udhopur, Tamkuhi, Basantpur Dhoosi etc.

Gandhiji addressed Deoria & Padrauna public meetings in 1920.Baba Raghav Das had started movement in April' 1930 regarding 'NamakMovement'. In 1931, there were wide movement against government & landlords in this district.

Many more people joined Congress as volunteers & marched several places of the district.Sh.Purushottam Das Tondon in 1931 & Rafi Ahmad Kidwai in 1935 visited different places of this district. During Quit India Movement , as much as 580 people were sent behind the bar for different duration. Deoria District came into existence at March 16' 1946 from Gorakhpur district.

Deoria name developed by a fossil(broken) Shiva Temple by the side of 'kurna river' in its northside. Kushinagar (Padrauna) district came into existence in May 1994 by separating north-east portion of Deoria district.

Climate of Deoria

Climate of the district is 'SAMSITOSHN' .May & June are hot and December & January months of the year are cold. Soil of different types is found in the district. Domat , Bhat , Matiyar & Balui Domat is found commonly. Productive & densely populated this district of Uttar Pradesh is situated at the north-east end of the state. Currently,Deoria district has five tehsils namely Deoria sadar , Salempur , Rudrapur , Berhaj & Bhatparrani.

How To Reach

District headquarter is situated at 50 km from Gorakhpur on Gorakhpur-Siwan broad-gauge railway line towards Siwan.

Railway Station

Deoria district headquarter is DEORIA SADAR which is well connected to Gorakhpur Jn. in West and Varanasi Jn.(via Bhatni Jn.) in South West , Siwan & Barauni Jn. (via Bhatni Jn.) in South East ( Bhatni Jn. ,a railway station in Deoria district approxi. 29 Km. from Deoria Sadar railway station towards East) by broad gauge railway line. Deoria district headquarter is situated at 53 km. milestone from Gorakhpur by road towards east.

Deoria district headquarter is well connected to GORAKHPUR (via Gauri Bazar), MAU (via Berhaj Bazar), BALLIA (via Salempur) ,SIWAN (via Salempur),GOPALGANJ (via Salempur) ,PADRAUNA / KASIA(via Rampur Karkhana) by Road. ROADWAYS facility at Deoria district headquarter is DEORIA DEPOT, a UP State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) organization. Private Taxis & Bihar State Transport Corp. Buses are also available on some routes.

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