Faizabad

About Faizabad

Ram Temple Ayodhya Faizabad

The city of Faizabad originally known as Fyzabad, is situated in Eastern India, in Uttar Pradesh State, on the bank of River Saryu, about 130 k.m. east of Lucknow. The city was founded by Ali Vardi Khan, nawab of Bengal (1676-1756) in 1730. The foundation of Faizabad was laid by Saadat Khan, the second Nawab of Awadh. His successor Shuja-ud-daula made it the capital of Awadh. Faizabad as a township, developed about 220 years ago. Safdar Jang, the second nawab of Avadh (1739-54), made it as his military headquarters.

His successor Suja-ud-daula built a fort here. It was known as Chhota Calcutta, now the fort has ruined. He built the Chowk in 1765 and subsequently built the Anguribagh and Motibagh to the south of Faizabad and Asafbagh and Bulandbagh to the west of the city. During the reign of Shuja-ud-daula, Faizabad attained such a prosperity which it never saw again. The Nawabs graced Faziabad with several beautiful buildings, notable among them are the Gulab Bari, Moti Mahal and the tomb of Bahu Begum. Gulab Bari is a beautiful building of fine architecture, standing in a garden surrounded by a wall, approachable through two large gateways.

These buildings are particularly interesting for their assimilative architectural styles. Shuja-ud-daula's wife was the well known Bahu Begum, who married the Nawab in 1743 and continued to reside in Faizabad, her residence being the Moti-Mahal.

Close by at Jawaharbagh lies her Maqbara, where she was buried after her death in 1816. It is considered to be one of the finest buildings of its kind in Avadh, which was built at the cost of three lakh rupees by her chief advisor Darab Ali Khan.

A fine view of the city can be relished from top of the begum's tomb. Bahu Begum was a woman of great distinction and rank, bearing dignity. Most of the Muslim buildings of Faizabad are attributed to her. From the date of Bahu Begum's death in 1815 till the annexation of Avadh, the city of Faizabad gradually fell into decay.

The glory of Faizabad finally eclipsed with the shifting of capital from Faizabad to Lucknow by Nawab Asaf-ud-daula.Faizabad is a place of sugar refineries and mills for extracting oil from seeds. It is a market center for the produce of the surrounding area, including grain, oilseeds, cotton, and tobacco. A hydroelectric plant is located nearby.

The ruins of the ancient town of Ajodhya, with the modern town standing nearby, are located across the river and form a part of Faizabad. Ayodhya, which is among the principal religious centers of India, is an important place of Hindu pilgrimage. Faizabad is a small developing city, here you can have fun of both the worlds of the town as well as the village if you go outside the city you will find lots of fields with plenty of crops.

This small town have lots of educational institutions including Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia University and Narendra Dev Agricultural University. There are several inter colleges for boys Government Inter College, SSV Inter college, Anil Saraswati Inter College, Adarsh Inter College, Raj Karan Inter College, Maharaja Inter College and Forbes Inter College; for girls Govt. Girls Inter College, Arya Kanya Inter College, Tulsi Kanya Inter College, Canossa Convent.

Education for boys as well as girls is also available in Jingle Bell, Tiny Tots and in few other schools too. Tourist Place are, Gulab Bari, Maqbara , GuptarGhat, Hanuman Garhi and a lots of tourist places are in Ayodhya about 6 km. away from Faizabad.

Climate of Faizabad

The Climate of the district may be treated as normal. The effect of rains, winter and summer are not very harsh. The whether is pleasant throughout the year. Usually the summer expands from April to July, the rainy season from August to September and the winter from October to March.

RAINFALL :

Rainfall Normal : 1035 mm.

TEMPERATURE :

Maximum 43.7 °C

Minimum 1.0 °C

Places to Visit

Place to Visit :

  • Gulab Bari
  • Bahu Begum Ka Maqbura
  • Guptar Ghat
  • Military Temple
  • Ayodhya Temple

KUND

  • Brahma Kund
  • Dant Dhawan Kund
  • Vidya Kund
  • Dashrath Kund
  • Vibhishan Kund
  • Sita Kund
  • Vashitha Kund
  • Brahaspati Kund
  • Suraj Kund
  • Hanuman Kund
  • Sonkar Kund

FAIRS AND FESTIVALS

  • Ramnavmi Mela
  • Saavan Jhoola Mela
  • Panchkosi Parikrama
  • Chaudah Kosi Parikrama

GHATS

  • Nageshwar Ghat
  • Nirmochan Ghat
  • Vasudeo Ghat
  • Raj Ghat
  • Jhunki Ghat
  • Lakshman Ghat
  • Gola Ghat
  • Tulsidas Ghat
  • Ram Ghat
  • Chakratirth Ghat
  • Garden
  • Tulsi Udyan
  • Rishabhdev Rajghat Udyan
  • Ram ki Pairi
  • Ramkatha Park

NEIGHBOURING PLACES

  • Bharat Kund
  • Dashrath Samadhi
  • Hanuman Kund
  • Sonkar Kund
  • Achari ka Sagra

WHERE TO STAY

  • Hotel Krishna Palace, Civil Lines, Faizabad
  • Hotel Tirupati, Civil Lines, Faizabad
  • Hotel Shane Avadh, Civil Lines, Faizabad
  • Hotel Alka Raje, Rekab Ganj, Faizabad
  • Abha Hotel, Motibagh, Faizabad
  • Hotel Avantika, Civil Lines, Faizabad
  • Hotel Prem, Rekab Ganj, Faizabad
  • Paryatak Avas Grih, UPT, Near Ayodhya Railway Station
  • Birla Dharmshala, Bus Station, Ayodhya
  • Janki Mahal Trust, Ayodhya
  • Kanak Bhawan Dharmshala, Ayodhya

Craft and Culture of Faizabad

Culture :

Cultural heritage of district originates in the past from the kingdom of Suryavanshis. In the lineage of Suryavanshi Kshatriyas, King Raghu was a glittering character after whom the Suryavansh became popular as Raghuvansh. In the third generation of king Raghu birth of Shri Rama took place, whose image is still alive in the heart of all Hindus as God.

The period of the Ramayana was, perhaps the most glorious period in the history of ancient India. For not only did this age mark the composition of the holiest scriptures, the Vedas, and other sacred literature that laid the foundation of Indian culture and civilization, but the era was also exemplary in its rule of law and truthfulness.

The regent was answerable to his subjects in matters involving the prestige of the state and society. The veracity of the facts lies in the undiminished reverence for the epic even after more than three millennia. Lord Ram was the 'Adarsh Purush' of the Ramayana - an ideal in every facet of human behavior. His fourteen year of exile impressed the human mind more vitally than other period of his life. Because he had roved the wilderness, giving up his just heritage, merely to preserve the honour of his father's word.

Craft :

Handmade paper Units, the Artisans, Leather work and clothes.

How to Reach

Road :

The city is about 130 k.m. from Lucknow, 200 k.m. from Varanasi, 160 k.m. from Allahabad, 140 k.m. from Gorakhpur and about 636 k.m. from Delhi. Buses are frequently available from Lucknow, Delhi and Gorakhpur. Buses are also available from Varanasi, Allahabad and other places as per their schedule.

Rail :

Trains are available from Delhi, Lucknow, Varanasi and Allahabad. Some important trains passing through Faizabad are :

Serial.No. Train Name
1 Marudhar Express
2 Farakka Express
3 Sabarmati Express
4 Saryu Yamuna Express
5 Sadbhavana Express
6 Saket Express
7 Ganga Sutlej Express
8 Doon Express
9 Sealdah Express

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