Fatehpur

About Fatehpur

Sai Mandir Fatehpur

District Fatehpur was setup on 1826 A.d. as a separate district, taking fertile land lying in between river Ganga & river Yamuna.Thus, this is among a few oldest districts in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Besides having a grand religious and historical background, this is motherland of Martyr Jodha Singh Ataiya, Martyr Dariyaw Singh and many other freedom fighters & renowned Hindi poet Rashtrakavi Sohan Lal Dwivedi .

The known history of Fatehpur is as old as the Vedik era . General Karningham has written about "Bhitaura" & "Asani" places of this district, while discussing about the residuals of the Vedik era . There are proofs that Chinese traveller Hwensaung visited the Asani place of this district .

In village Renh, which is 25km in south-west of Fatehpur town, some articles of archaeological interest have been found which are of time 800 B.C. . Many articles like coins, bricks, idols etc. of Maurya period, Kusad period & Gupta period have been found in parts of the district .

Many temples of Gupta period still exist in village Tenduli, Korari, Sarhan Bujurg etc., which are very important from the archaeological point of view. Golden coins of period of Chandragupta-II have been recovered from village Bijauli . The bricks used in fort of Asani are also of Gupta Period .

The Khajuha town, situated on Mughal road is very old town . Its description has been found in old Hindu scripture "Brahm Puran", which is 5000 years old. In 1561 A.D., Mughal emperor Humayun passed through this town while envading Jaunpur state .

On January 5th, 1659 A.D., Mughal emperor Aurangjeb had a fierce battle with his brother prince Shahshuja, and killed him near this place . To celeberate the victory, he constructed a large beautiful garden "Badshahi Bagh" and a big lodge having 130 rooms .

During Moghul regime, the control of Fatehpur shifted time to time to the hands of Jaunpur, Delhi and Kannauj . In 1801 A.D., this region came under control of East India Company and in 1814 this was given the status of a sub-division (Paragana), while the headquarter was at Bhitaura, which is now a block office . In 1826 A.D., the Fatehpur was redesignated as a District headquarter .

Geography of Fatehpur

Geologically the district is formed by Sub-Recent to Recent rocks composed of the ordinary Gangetic alluvium. The alluvium probably rest on the north-eastward sloping basement consisting of gneisses, granites, and patches of Vindhyan rocks.

The rivers, Ganga and Yamuna , bordering the district on the north and south ,along with their tributaries play an important role in fashioning the topography of the district.

The levels of G.T. Road which traverses the district from north-west to south-east, illustrate the fall perhaps more clearly, the greatest height being 121.36 m. near the western border and the lowest, 105.15m., near the eastern border, the intermediate levels being 119.48 at Aung, 117.65m. at Malwa,111.25m. at Fatehpur,107.29m.at Thariaon and 105.77m. at Katoghan.

Climate of Fatehpur

The climate of the district is characterized by a hot summer and a pleasant winter. The cold season from about middle of November to February is followed by hot season from March to middle of June. The period from mid-June to the end of September is south-west Monsoon season.

Rainfall:

Records of rainfall in the district are available for three stations,Fatehpur, Khajwa and Khaga for sufficient long Periods. The average annual rainfall in the district is 906.2mm.(35.68'') The rainfall varies from 870.3mm.(34.26'') at Fatehpur to 926.8mm.(36.49'') at Khaga. The highest rainfall 168% of the normal occurred in 1915 and lowest rainfall 60% of the normal occurred in 1918.

Weather:

Max.Temp : 45-48 Deg. C. During May & June

Min Temp: 3.0-8.6 Deg. C. During Dec & Jan

Places to Visit

Bawani Imali : This monument is the symbol of sacrifices offered by freedom fighters. On 28th April, 1858, fifty two freedom fighters were hanged on an "Imali" tree by the British army. The "Imali" tree still exists, people believe that the growth of tree has stopped after the massacre. This place is very near to town Khajuha in Bindki Subdivision of the district .

Bhitaura : This is block headquarter situated at the bank of holy river Ganga . This is the place where renowned saint Bhrigu worshipped for a long time . Here, flow of river Ganga is towards north direction, which is very important from the religious point of view .

Hathgam : This is also block headquarter and birth place of great freedom fighter Late Shri Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi & renowned Urdu poet Shri Iqbal Verma . It is said, this was populated by Saint Parashar .

Renh : A very old village situated on the bank of river Yamuna . Two decades before a very old idol of Lord Vishnu, made up of precious alloy, was found in this village . Now that idol is in a temple in village Kirtikheda on Bindki Lalauli road .

Shivrajpur : This village is situated at the bank of river Ganga near Bindki, which is a sub-division . In this village, there is a very old temple of Lord Krishna, which is known as "Mirabai Ka Mandir" (temple of Mirabai) . It is said that idol of Lord Krishna was founded by Mirabai, a renowned devotee of Lord Krishna and a member of royal family of Mewar state .

Tenduli : A village situated on Chaudagara-Bindki road . It is believed that victims of snake/dog biting, persons suffering from parapsychological problems get relief from the temple of Baba Jhamdas in this village.

Culture of Fatehpur

The inscriptions of the Hindu temples and the Jain and Buddha Shrines which go back to the Gupta and post-Gupta times and the quality of the art and architecture of contemporary edifices prove that the people of the district in those times were educated and cultured.

After the 12th century, some Muslims who had settled down in these parts set up their own maktabs (school), many were attached to mosques and the teachers.

The architecture of the buildings at places sacred to religion from anti-quity in the district e.g. Asni, Asothar, Bahau, Bindki, Renand Gunir is primarily Indian in concept whereas constructions tracing their origin to Muslim period e.g. those at Amauli, Deomai, Fatehpur, Haswa, Malwa largely follow the Indo-Muslim style of architecture.

The seasonal folk-song is Hori or Phag in spring, Malhar and Kajri in the rainy season.

Mushairas and Kavi –sammelans, being gatherings at which Urdu and Hindi poets respectively recite their poems, are very popular in urban areas.

Fatehpur at a Glance

The modern Fatehpur has been divided in three sub-divisions:-

  • Fatehpur
  • Bindki
  • Khaga

Development Blocks

  • Airaya
  • Amauli
  • Asothar
  • Bahua
  • Bhitaura
  • Deomai
  • Dhata
  • Haswa
  • Hathgam
  • Khajuha
  • Malwan
  • Teliyani
  • Vijayipur

Urban/Town Areas

  • Fatehpur M.B.
  • Bindki M.B.
  • Bahua T.A.
  • Khaga T.A.
  • Kishunpur T.A.
  • Koda Jahanabad T.A.

There are 1352 populated, 164 non-populated villages & 786 Village Panchayats in the district .

How to Reach :

AIR

Nearest Airport, Kheria, Agra - 40 km.

RAIL

Convenient rail service is available from Agra Cantt. Railway Station-40 km.

ROAD

Some important road distances are : Parikshitgarh 31 km, Bulandshahar 50 km, Meerut 252 km, Hastinapur 60 km, Ghaziabad 65 km, Delhi 85 km.

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