Gonda

About Gonda

Picture of Gonda, Uttar Pradesh

The name of this district comes from the Sanskrit - Hindi word of Goshala, meaning cowshed. The cowsheds of the royal lineage of Ayodhya viz. Ikshavaku (Raghukul) of the Solar dynasty were located here. The territory covered by the present district of Gonda is a part of the ancient Kosala Kingdom.

After the departure of Lord Rama to Saket dham, the celebrated sovereign of the solar line who ruled Kosala, the kingdom was divided into two portions defined by the Ghaghara River. The northern portion was then ruled by his son, Lava with the city of Saravasti as his capital. Sravasti was prosperous and progressive during Buddha's time.

More recently, ancient Buddhist remains dating to the early days of Buddhism have been found throughout the region, including Sravasti.

During the medieval period, the first Muslim invasion of the region, to the north of the Ghaghara River, took place in the second quarter of 11th century under Syed Salar Masood. The rulers of Gonda and surrounding districts formed a league to offer united resistance to Masood.

Masood could not withstand of the league of more than 13 local kings and was surrounded by their armies all around and was defeated. In the second half of the 13th century Gonda was included in the government of Bahraich by the early Muslim rulers, and hence has no independent history of its own. Further, there is no specific reference about the district until the reign of the Tughlaqs.

In 1394, the district came under the rule of Khwaja Jahan Malik Sarwar, the founder of the Sharqi dynasty of Jaunpur. From earliest days of Muslim domination till the advent of Akbar, the history of Gonda district is primarily the history of local clans. During the early phase of this period the whole of Gonda and much of the surrounding region was ruled by Bhars, Pasi kings who come are categorized into lower social order(SC/ST). The district formed an integral part of the empire of Akbar (1556–1605).

With the annexation of the province of Awadh by the East India Company in February 1856, Gonda became a separate district of the Gonda-Bahraich Commissionership. Annexation passed off quietly, although the Gonda raja exhibited strong disapproval of the measure and was with difficulty persuaded to leave his fort at Gonda and meet the district officer.

During the Non Cooperation Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi people from this district actively participated. On October 9, 1929, Gandhi visited the district along with Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

Gonda played a significant role in the Indian struggle for independence. So many people from the region actively participated including Maharaja Devi Bakhsha Singh, who escaped later to Nepal. Revolutionaries like Chandra Shekhar Azad also took shelter here and one of his partymen Rajendra Lahiri was incarcerated and hanged in the Gonda Jail on 17 December 1927 in Kakori Conspiracy.

Places to Visit

MEENA SHAH DARGAH It's a Place of Peace, Situated at Main Highway From Behraich to Faizabad. This place is very famous in and around Devi Patan Mandal for Hindu Muslim Unity. Meena Shah Degree College is also situated in this campus.

Gandhi Park: in the city here is the first life-size statue of Mahatma Gandhi was established in 1950. It is made of white marble.

Paska (Sukar Khet):This place is situated at the river bank of Saryu about 45 km southwest from district headquarters. The site is ancient fame for "Sangam Asnan" and one month's "Paush Kalpwas" in the month of Paush. A large number of devotees take holy dips in Saryu river for Mukti of "Pashu Yoni". It is also believed that God Varaha had taken Avtar here. An old temple of Lord Varah was built here in the 9th century.

Swaminarayan Chhapaiya: The village of Chhapaiya is situated at a distance of 50 km from the district headquarters. The chief interest of the place is Swaminarayan temple which marks the birthplace of Bhagwan Swaminarayan, or Sahajanand Swami, who was born here on April 2, 1781 as Ghanshyam Pande. Ghanshyam left Chhapaiya at the age of 11 to travel to the pilgrimage sites around India. He completed his pilgrimage in Western Gujarat, where he assumed the leadership of Swaminarayan Sampradaya. The very famous Akshardham temples in New Delhi and in Gandhinagar, Gujarat built by his spiritual successor, Pramukh Swami Maharaj, are both dedicated to him. His followers consider him to be a manifestation of the Supreme Godhead. There have been many movies about the Bhagwan Swaminarayan filmed in this temple in Chhapaiya and in nearby places in the district.

Varahi Devi: About 6 km in east from Paska another ancient place of Varahi Devi known as Uttar Bhawani. An old temple of Devi Bhagwati attracts a large number of devotee's here. The image of Aadi Shakti Varahi is related with the shakti of Varaha in Paska.

Prash: This place in north of Saryu is situated in Tehsil Tarabganj. The place is related with ancient Saint Parashar, grandson of Bashishtha & son of Sakti. It is said his mother's name was Adrishyawanti. A temple in his memory is situated here.

Prithvi Nathan Mahadeo: At a short distance in the south of Khargupur, an old temple of lord Shiva is situated. Legend relates it with Mahabharata. This area was then known as Pancharanya. It is believed to be the worship place of Bhima himself while the Pandavas were here during their 14 years of Vanvaas. Bhima worshipped Lord Shiva, who blessed this worship place by a natural "Shiv Linga" which emerged on its own from the earth. It is the largest natural Shiv Linga in the whole world and draws a huge crowd during the days of Shivaratri or Mahashivaratri.

'Dukhran nath mandir' this is one of the most important temple of "SHIV" in railway road.

'Kali Bhawani mandir'this is the temple of "Maa Kali" in railway road..

''(MATA PATMESHVARI DEVI MANDIR)'' It Is the famous Temple Of Gonda. it is situated at north side from ( Ishwar nand kutti) that is on intiyathok and babaganj road. it is the temple of (SHRI PATMESHWARI MATA).Every day near about 500 people come at this temple for worship.

Tulsi janam bhumi sukarkhet rajapur in the nearby paraspur block.

'Sankat Mochan Mehndipur Sri Bala Ji Mandir Purelalak Bahraich Road Gonda Is Mandir Marked By Sankat Mochan Mehndipur Sri Bala Ji Sewa Samiti (Reg.) Gonda

Manav Utthan Sewa Samiti Ashram This is located near the Swami Viveka Nand Inter College at Utraula Road.It is called "Manav Dhram Ashram". 'Shri Satpal Maharaj Ji' is the founder of the organization Manav Utthan Sewa Samiti, which aspires to manifest Knowledge in Action.

Baba Barati Shah Mazar: This is located in Dubaha Bazar. It is a sacred Mazar of BABA BARATI SHAH.

THAKUR DWARA TEMPLE: This is located in Dubaha Bazar. It is a famous temple of LORD RAM. It is a very old temple.

Geography of Gonda

Location

The district lies between 26º 47' and 27º- 20' north latitude and 81º 30' and 82º 46' east longitude. It is head quarter of Devi Patan division which was constituted by praline of Faizabad division District Balrampur makes its boundaries in north. To its west it is bounded by district Bahraich and some part of Srawasti on the east by the district Basti .

In the south it is separated from district's Bara Banki and Faizabad by the river Ghaghara . In shape it is very irregular and seems as Cup widest in North narrowest in south . It has got physical boundaries on two sides Kuon river in the North and as Ghaghar a river in the South. Its length from Jarwal road in the West to Katra (Shivadayal Ganj) is 106 kms and width from kuaon in the north to Paska in the south is 77 kms.

Area

Before the division of district in 1997 it cover's on area of 7331 sq. km. on 25 May 1997 a new district Balrampur was constituted by separation of its 40% northern parts . Remaining area of the district Gonda is now 4448sq. kms. Owing to the fluvial action Ghaghara frequent changes take place in the area of the district.

Forest

As for as the form of natural vegetation in Gonda is concerned, there are two remarkable areas,One the forests of kuwano,which has various types of prees lipe Sagon ,Haldu, Sal,Shishaw, Tibau,Mahua, Bass ,Neem, Jamun, Mayo etc.To the forest of Mankapur to Tipri and around Tipri.The types of press are Tibau ,Sakhu,Sal etc. Sandy Lomay and clay are the types of soils found in Gonda. Water per collars downward in sandy soils , so those are not very fertile . Never the less , Zayad crops are produced near the batps of rivers in this soil. Loamy soil is fertile. It has fossils and minerals also. It is found in uproar part of Gonda.

Soil

The colour of loamy soil is light yellow. It is found around Khorahsa, Dumariyadeeh, Gonda, Itiathok, Mankapur etc. Clay soils can hold water in it, so it is suitable for those crops, which require more water , specially paddy. It becomes hard when dries it is found around Colonelganj, Itiathok and Mankapur.

Climate of Gonda

India is a tropical country & has got Monsooni climate. Gonda being district in plains, is not an exception. It has got the same climate that of the country in general. There are three seasons,summer,rainy and winter. Summer is from March to June. The average temperature of the summer is nearly 30°c. Hot wind namely ‘Loo’ blows in May and in early June. Rainy season is from July to October. Rains take place mostly till September winter is from. November to February last half of December and first half of January are maximum cold.

How to Reach :

Gonda is well connected with neighbouring cities of the State with road and rail. The nearest railway station is Gonda Junction that connects the district to other major cities of India. The nearest airport from Gonda is lucknow airport that is nearly 126 km from Gonda.

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