Gorakhpur

About Gorakhpur

Gorakhpur

The district Gorakhpur takes its name and fame from renowned, ascetic 'Gorakshnath', who was an eminent profounder saint of 'Nath Sampradaya'.

A famous shrine 'Gorakhnath' was built in his honour on the same spot where he practised austerities.

History of Gorakhpur

The ancient Gorakhpur comprised of districts of Basti, Deoria, Azamgarh and parts of Nepal tarai. This region which may be called as Gorakhpur Janpad had been an important centre of Aryan culture and civilization.

Gorakhpur was a part of the famous kingdom of Koshal, one of sixteen mahajanpadas in 6th Century B.C. The earliest known monarch ruling over this region with his capital at Ayodhya was IKSVAKU, who founded the solar dynasty of Kshatriya. It produced a number of illustrious kings till the accession of Ram, who was the greatest ruler of this dynasty. Since then, it remained an integral part of the erstwhile empires of Maurya, Shunga, Kushana , Gupta and Harsha dynasties. According to tradition, the Tharu king, Mausen of Madan Singh (900-950 A.D.) ruled over Gorakhpur city and the adjoining area.

In medieval period, when the entire northern India lay prostrate before the Muslim ruler, Mohammad Ghori, the Gorakhpur region was not left out. For a longer period it remained under the sway of the Muslim rulers, from Qutub-Ud-Din Aibak to Bahadur Shah. Legend has it that Ala-ud-din Khilji (1296-1316) ordered the conversion of old shrine of Goraksha ( a popular deity ) of Gorakhpur into a mosque. However, on Akbar's reorganisation of the empire, Gorakhpur gave its name to one of the five Sirkars comprising the province of Avadh.

Modern period was marked by the transfer of this region by the Nawab of Avadh to the East India Company in 1801. With this cession, Gorakhpur was raised to the status of a 'DISTRICT. The first collector was Mr. Routledge. In 1829, Gorakhpur was made the headquarters of a Division of the same name, comprising the districts of Gorakhpur, Ghazipur and Azamgarh. Mr. R.M. Biad wasappointed as the first Commissioner of Gorakhpur.

In 1865, new district Basti was carved out from Gorakhpur. The latter was further split up in 1946 to form new district Deoria. The third division of Gorakhpur led to the creation of district Mahrajganj in 1989.

Gorakhpur At a Glance

Situated on the basin of rivers Rapti and Rohini the geographical shape of the Gorakhpur City is of bowl. The west of the city is guarded by cool Rapti river while the east is associated with excel Sal Forest. The south is showered with the power of excellence, in shape of greenish Ramgarh Tal and north is the plinth of city's advancement.

General Information

Total Area 3483.8 Sq. Km.
Total Population 37,69,456
Urban Population 19.60%
Rural Population 80.40%
Sex Ratio 959
Literacy 43.3%
Male Literacy 60.6%
Female Literacy 24.4%
Main Rivers Rapti(134 Km.)and Ghaghra(77 Km.)
Main Lake Ramgarh Tal
Main Road National Highway- 28
Main Crops Paddy,wheat, Pulsesand Sugarcane
Main Industries Sugar Mills,Handloom &Textiles
Main Language HindiandBhojpuri
Main Fair Khicheri Mela(14th Jan.),Syed Salaar Mela, Tarkulha Mela(Chaitra Ram Navami)
Handicrafts Terracota( Of National & International fame)
News Paper Publications Dainik Jagran,Aaj, Rashtriya Sahara, Amar Ujala, Hindustan Timesand Swatantra Chetna
Tourist Places Chauri Chaura,Kushinagar, Kapilvastu,Lumbini
Tourist Information U.P. Tourism Information Counter, Railway Station
Regional Tourism Office, Gorakhpur
Temples Gorakhnath Temple,Geeta Vatika,Vishnu Mandir

Geography of Gorakhpur

The present district of Gorakhpur, 265 Kms east of capital Lucknow, on National Highway -28 lies between Latitude 26° 46' N and Longitude 83° 22' E, covers the geographical area of 3483.8 Sq. km. It is surrounded by districts Mahrajganj in the north, Ambedkar Nagar, Azamgarh and Mau in the south, Kushinagar and Deoria in the east and Sant Kabirnagar in the west.

Gorakhpur is an important centre of Eastern U.P. It is also the headquarters of North-Eastern Railway.

Air Force Station, and the main terminus for Kushinagar, Kapilvastu and Nepal

How to Reach

Rail :

Gorakhpur is well connected with all major cities of India. It has computerized reservation facility.

Roadways :

Frequent road-transport is available for all major cities of U.P. The main Bus-stand is near railway station . Buses are available since early in the morning (3.00Am) till late night, from Gorakhpur to Sanauli. Also, frequent service is available for other routes like Varanasi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Delhi etc. Link service for taking the Sharjah plane is also available, twice a week i.e. Sunday and Wednesday at 6.00 am.

Air :

Air Force Station is 8 Km. from the railway station. On 8th March, 2003 it has been inaugurated as a commercial airport. Daily flights are available from Gorakhpur to Delhi and and Calcutta via Lucknow.

Another airstrip of U.P. Civil Aviation is also available in Kasia, 55 km. from Gorakhpur in Kushinagar district.Nearest other commercial Airports are Lucknow and Varanasi

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