Hapur

About Hapur

Garhmukteshwar Hapur

Hapur (known earlier as Haripur) is a city in, as well as the headquarters of, Hapur district, in western Uttar Pradesh, India. Located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) east of New Delhi, the city is part of the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR). National Highway 24, connecting Delhi-Lucknow, passes through the city. Hapur is known as a manufacturing center for stainless steel pipes, sewing machines, and wood and paper products.

History of Hapur

Hapur is said to have been founded in the 10th century. It was granted by Daulat Scindia to his French general Pierre Cuillier-Perron at the end of the 18th century. Under the British Raj, Hapur was within Meerut District, was surrounded by several fine groves, and carried on considerable trade in sugar, grain, cotton, timber, bamboo, and brass utensils. The important cavalry remount depot and farm of Babugarh adjoined the town.

Geography of Hapur

Hapur (Haripur) is located at 28.72°N 77.78°E. It has an average elevation of 213 meters (699 feet). It is bound on the north by Meerut, in the south by Bulandshahr, while Ghaziabad forms the southern and western limits. Amroha District (formerly Jyotiba Phule Agar) lies to the east. The river Ganges forms the eastern boundary and home to the sacred place known as 'Garhmukteshwar' where lakhs of people come every year for pilgrimage.

The ground is not rocky and there are no mountains. Hapur is part of the Indus-Gangetic Plain, the soil composed of pleistocene and more recent alluvial sediments transported and deposited by river action from the Himalayan region. These alluvial deposits are unconsolidated. Lithologically, sediments consist of clay, silt and fine to coarse sand. Land is very fertile for growing crops, especially wheat, sugarcane and vegetables. Also, the river 'kali nadi' issues from the outskirts of the city.

Climate of Hapur

Hapur has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate characterised by very hot summers and cool winters. Summers last from early April to late June and are extremely hot, with temperatures reaching 43 °C (109 °F). The monsoon arrives in late June and continues until the middle of September. Temperatures drop slightly, with plenty of cloud cover, but with higher humidity.

Temperatures rise again in October; and the city then has a mild, dry winter season from late October to the middle of March. The lowest temperature recorded is 0.5 °C (32.9 °F).[citation needed] Rainfall is about 80 cm to 100 cm per annum, which is suitable for growing crops. Most of the rainfall is received during the monsoon. Humidity varies from 30 to 100%. The city receives no snow.

Demographics of Hapur

According to the 2011 census, Hapur had a population of 262,801, consisting of 139,694 males and 123,107 females. The literacy rate was 75.34%.

Places to Visit

Hapur has been a religious center since ancient times. There are various temples, mosques, gurdwaras and churches.

Mandir Shri Radha Balhab Ji Maharaj ( Maheshwari Mandir), Garh Delhi Road, Arya NagarArya Samaj Mandir, Delhi Garh Road.

Sakyasingha Ratpala Buddha Monastery. Located in Buddha Lok, Meerut Road, Hapur. International Buddha Education Institute, Regional Center of the World Fellowship of Buddhists (WFB).

There are 8 temples in a small village, Tumrail, in which there are 4 Shiv Mandir, 1 Sai Mandir, 1 Shani Mandir, 1 Jaharveer Mandir, and 1 Devi Chandi-Kalika Mandir.

Chandi Mandir -

This temple was built by Raja Harishchandra more than 500 years ago. It is located in a very crowded area called subzi mandi about 1 km. from the Hapur city center (tehsil chopla).

Sapnawat Sai Mandir -

This is a famous temple of Sai Baba of Shirdi located in a nearby village of Sapnawat. It is also called the "mini shirdi". People from various regions - like Delhi, Haryana,

Sabli Shiv Mandir -

This is an ancient temple which was built about 700 years ago. It is located in a village named Sabli. During the time of ganga snan lakhs of Kanwariya come here. The temple is spread over a very large area and 8 km. Hapur city center (tehsil chopla).

Garhmukteshwar -

This is a well-known pilgrimage site where people come from all over India, especially during the time of Ganga snan. It is located 35 km. east of Hapur city on NH-24.

Bhora sahib -

It is a gurdwara located on the Meerut Road where people from various places come.

Shiv Mandir -

Located in the village of Naan, 7 km from Hapur city.

Devi Mandir -

Located in the village of Tumrail (5 km from Hapur City), this is a very old temple, which was built about 100 years ago.

Seventh-day Adventist Church -

This church was built by Milton Mattison in 1919. There are two nearby institutions associated with this church:

  • Milton Mattison Memorial Hospital, located on Meerut Road, near the LIC office, providing general medicine, general surgery and ob/gyn services. It also has the best and largest dental facility (7 chairs) in the city.
  • The S.D.A Mission School campus, which is Located on Meerut Road, near the flyover, and 3 km from Harpur city center (tehsil chopla).

Tatarpur Catholic Church, Hapur, 8 km from Harpur city center (tehsil chopla).

Forts:

Asoura Fort, located in Asoura village, near Meerut Road, Hapur.

Kuchesar Mud Fort Located near NH-24 on Kuchesar Road, Hapur, near Kamla School.

How to Reach

By Rail

Hapur is a major railway junction of northern India. Two lines - Delhi-Moradabad and Meerut-Khurja - pass through the city. Every day about 85 local trains serve Hapur. Weekly, about 10 intercity express trains pass through Hapur.

Following the upgrading to 4 lanes of the Delhi to Hapur section of National Highway 24, similar upgrading of the Hapur to Moradabad section is planned as part of upgrading the highway to the state capital of Lucknow.

In the light of its being a rail and road junction, there is a strong possibility of Hapur developing into a potential growth centre in the NCR region.

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