Hathras

History of Hathras

Mandir Shri Dauji Maharaj (Hathras)

Hathras District was created on 3 May 1997 by incorporating parts of the Aligarh, Mathura, Khair and Agra districts. It was given the name Hathras District shortly after. The notification of creating District Hathras From Hathras was released on 06 May-1997.

Hathras falls under the Brij region of Nothern India and was famous for its Industrial , Literature related , and cultural activities as a part of Aligarh.

According to a story of Chotoo Banmali’s "Gokul Mahatm” at the time of the Birth of the Lord Krishna , Lord Shiva-Parvati arrived the Brij from this rout and the place where The Mother Goddess Parvati halted was called the Hathrasi Devi.

The Kushan, The Gupt , The Rajput and The Maratha Rulers Rule over the Region. In 1716 A.D. nearby Jaat Ruler Raja Nandram’s son Bhoj Singh has taken over the rule of Hathras from the Rajpoot rulers. After Bhoj Singh his son Sadan Singh became the ruler of Hathras. After Sadan Singh his son Bhoori Singh Became the Ruler of Hathras.

Probably Bhoori Singh had established the temple of the Lord Balram ji in the fort of Hathras .Today this Temple still exists and tells his great story. Every year "Lakkhi mela” is celebrated on "Dev Chat” at this temple .Real great history of Hathras begins after Shri Bhoori Singh when his son Raja Dayaram worn the crown in 1775 A.D..

In 1784 when Sindhia ruler Mahad Ji Sindhia established his regim around Hathras ,Raja Dayaram made pact with him.When in 1792 Sindhia went towards South ,Raja Dayaram became totally free. In 1794 mischief of British intensified in Nothern India .They forwarded merging all princely states which came in their way . Yet Hathras remained free. Raja Dayaram refused the proposal of British to become their slave . At last, war started in 1817. The British warned Raja Dayaram to quit the fort and surrender . But the brave king Raja Dayaram had taken no notice of the warning of Major General Marshal .

Terrible war took place in the february – march of 1817 A.D. .At last Raja Dayaram quitted the fort on 2nd March 1817 through a secret route because of lack of resources and surrendering of nearby princely states. Hathras became a part of British rule. Govind Singh , son of Raja Dayaram joined hands with the British and took the Jamindaari of some villages and started living in Vrindawan (today a part of Mathura).

The adopted son of shri Govind Singh named Shri Harnarayan Singh also remained devotee of British in Vrindawan. Shri Harnarayan Singh had no descendent, so he adopted third son of Raja GhanShayam Singh of Mursan state named Shri Mahendra Pratap Singh later on who proved himself as a struggling Freedom Fighter. Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh while living abroad remained ignited the torch of freedom struggle for 32 years .He was appointed as the president of the temporary independent government of free India in Kabul’s "Baagh –E-Babar”. Raja Mahendra Pratap returned to home land. Thakur Malkhan Singh and Munshi Gajadhar Singh were the main freedom fighters .

Archaeological remains of Hindu , Buddhist , Jain culture and also of the Shung and Kushan period were found at many places in Hathras. Among these archaeological and historical places is the fort of Raja Dayaram located in the Hathras town from where Mourya period Brown coloured pot of 2nd century B.C. , Kushan period clay statue ,”Sapt Matrikafalam” etc . were found. Among old Temples the temple of Lord "Veereshwar Mahadev” is special .

The Freedom struggle started by Raja Dayaram continued untill India became free in which many people of Hathras participated.

On October 19, 1875, the train between Hathras Road and Mathura Cantonment started.

Malla vidya (the art of wrestling) is an old hobby of people of Hathras whose remains can still be seen today in the form of "Bagichis”(small Gardens) and "Akharas”(the place where people use to excercise and practice wrestling etc.).

In the memory of Swami Vivekanand’s first arrival at Hathras a Shilalekh was established at Hathras city Railway Station, which reveals that Swami Vivekanand has given the name Sadanand to his first disciple who was the station master of Hathras city Railway station .

Kanya Gurukul at Sasni played a great role in spreading the reputation of this district. Many girls of different states obtain their graduate and postgraduate education dependent on Indian culture.

Similarly newly established Mangalaytan is developing as a world famous Jain pilgrimage .This pilgrimage is situated on Hathras – Aligarh road in the Sasni tehsil of this district .

Geography of Hathras

Latitude:-27.64 N

Longitude :-78.11 E

Area :- 1800.1 Sq.K.M.

Division:- Aligarh

District Headquarter :- Hathras

It is situated on Agra :- Aligarh and Mathura- Baraily Highways crossing.

Places to Visit

Tourist Places Near Hathras

Place Distance(in km) Tags
Manglayatan Temple 20 Temple, Street Food
Vrindavan 52 Pilgrim
Agra 52 Archaeological Sites, Heritage, Forts, Gardens, Taj Mahal
Mathura 42 Pilgrim, Temples, Palaces, Rivers
Govardhan 62 Pilgrim

How to Reach

Railways:-

Hathras Junction Railway station is 10 Km away from Hathras. It is on Delhi - Kanpur Broad Gauge Railway Track. Hathras fort station is in Hathras town it is connected with Hathras Junction Railway station through a broad gauge link line. Hathras City Railway Station is in the middle of town Hathras and is on the Mathura-Baraily meter gauge Railway track.

Name of District Distance from headquarter of Hathras Direction from Hathras
Aligarh 33 Km Towards North
Mathura 41 Km Towards West
Agra 53 Km Towards South
Etah 64 Km Towards East

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