Lalitpur

About Lalitpur

Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir (Parisar), Lalitpur

Lalitpur District is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. Lalitpur district is part of Jhansi Division. Lalitpur is the main town and is administrative headquarters. The geographical area of the district is 5039 Sq. Kms.

Lalitpur District was formerly part of the state of Chanderi, founded in the 17th century by a Bundela Rajput who was descended from Rudra Pratap of Orchha. Chanderi, along with most of Bundelkhand, came under Maratha hegemony in the 18th century. Daulat Rao Sindhia of neighboring Gwalior annexed Chanderi state in 1811.

In 1844, the former state of Chanderi was ceded to the British, and became the Chanderi District of British India, with Lalitpur town as the district headquarters. The British lost the district in the Indian Rebel of 1857, and it was not reconquered until late 1858. In 1861, the portion of the district west of the Betwa, including Chanderi, was returned to Gwalior, and the remaining land was renamed as Lalitpur District. Lalitpur District was made part of Jhansi District from 1891 to 1974.

Carved out as a district in the year 1974 Lalitpur is really not only the heartland but also heartshaped district of Bundelkhand Region. It is joined to Jhansi District of Uttar Pradesh by a narrow corridor to the northeast, but is otherwise almost completely surrounded by Madhya Pradesh state; to the east lies Tikamgarh District, to the south Sagar District, and to the west Ashoknagar and Shivpuri districts.

Lalitpur, Jalaun, and Jhansi districts form Jhansi Division. Jhansi Division is one of 17 divisions of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It includes Jhansi, Jalaun, and Lalitpur districts. The city of Jhansi is the administrative center. The division is part of the historic Bundelkhand region, which includes a portion of southern Uttar Pradesh and extends into neighbouring Madhya Pradesh state.Jhansi is one of oldest division of Indian Railways.

History of Lalitpur

The territory of the present-day Lalitpur district was part of the state of Chanderi, founded in the 17th century by a Bundela Rajput who was descended from Rudra Pratap of Orchha. Chanderi, along with most of Bundelkhand, came under Maratha hegemony in the 18th century. Daulat Rao Scindhia of neighboring Gwalior annexed Chanderi state in 1812. In 1844, the former state of Chanderi was ceded to the British, and became the Chanderi District of British India, with Lalitpur town as the district headquarters.

The British lost the district in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, and it was not reconquered until late 1858. In 1861, the portion of the district west of the Betwa, including Chanderi, was returned to Gwalior state, and the remainder was renamed Lalitpur district. It became a part of Jhansi district from 1891 to 1974. In 1974, the district was carved out from Jhansi district.

Lalitpur at a Glance

Geographical Area : 5039(Sq.Kms.)

Villages : 754

Nagar : 4

Nagar Palika Parishad : 1

Number of Nagar Panchayats : 3

Number of Bus Station : 193

Number of Railway Stations : 9

Length of Railway Lines in Kilometres : 75

Geography of Lalitpur

Lalitpur district forms a portion of the hill country of Bundelkhand, sloping down from the outliers of the Vindhya Range on the south to the tributaries of the Yamuna River on the north. The extreme south is composed of parallel rows of long and narrow-ridged hills. Through the intervening valleys the rivers flow down over ledges of granite or quartz. North of the hilly region, the granite chains gradually turn into clusters of smaller hills.

The Betwa River forms the northern and western boundary of the district, and most of the district lies within its watershed. The Jamni River, a tributary of the Betwa, forms the eastern boundary. The Dhasan River forms the district's south-eastern boundary, and the south-eastern portion of the district lies within its watershed.

The soils of Lalitpur are also representative of Bundelkhand comprising all the four varieties. The soils here have developed from the Vindhyan ranges of rocks which in this area are formed of gneiss, granite, quartzite and at times sandstone, limestone and slate.

The soils of the district are divided into two broader categories Black & Red soil groups.

The four varieties of soils are derived from these two groups which are as follows :

Bundelkhand Type - 1 :

It is under the red soil group and locally known as rakar which is also of two types : one known as Bundelkhand 1A which occurs mainly around the rocky ridges in the southern most part of this district while the latter, classified as Bundelkhand 1B, mostly occurs in the northern part of the district. These are not very appropriate for farming but only suitable for afforestation. These soils are also subject to severe hazards of erosion; therefore need to be conserved through embankments.

Bundelkhand Type - 2 :

Also known as parua.It is also a red soil subdivided as Bundelkhand type 2A and Bundelkhand type 2B. The 2B-soil is found in the central tract of Lalitpur district. This is sandy loam in texture, mature in profile and light to dark grey in colour. This loves water and also needs irrigation during farming.

Bundelkhand Type 3 :

This is black soil group and consists of two kinds, The type 3A is locally known as kabar and the type 3B is the mar. It resembles very much the black cotton soils as found in central India. The kabar soil which is a coarse grained loam in texture and mature in profile, has high clayey element. It occurs mostly in the southern part of tehsil Lalitpur and Mahroni. This is a very productive soil but needs very careful and timely management; otherwise it becomes difficult to handle.The mar soils are found around Balabehat in the southern part of tehsil Lalitpur. It is highly clayey in texture, mature in profile and black in colour. This is also a water retaining soil like the kabar but low in coarse sand and soluble salts. The drainage is poor on these soils and management has to be very careful like that in kabar soils.

A strip of alluvial soil is also found in the western part of Lalitpur district.

Climate of Lalitpur

The climate of the district is the Central India type sub-tropical and may be characterised by a very hot dry summer and cold winter. Like other districts of the Bundelkhand region, this also shows four distinct seasons. Summer being from March to mid-June, Monsoon from mid-June to September, post-monsoonal transition between October and November while the winter months are December to February.

Temperature

The day temperature is the highest during may/june which falls steeply with the onset of monsoon in mid-June or July. It rises again around September and goes a little higher during October. Then with the beginning of winter, the temperature falls and becomes minimal in Janaury.

Rainfall

The usual months of rainfall are from mid-june to the end of September, july being the maximum raining months followed by August and September. Sometimes during winters, especially around the middle of January, there is a cold wave associated with the rains which may last for several days.

Places to Visit

Attractions of Lalitpur

  • Jain temples : Devgarh, Seeronji, Pawagiriji
  • Muchkund ki Gufayen
  • Neat and clean "GAUSHALA" with accommodation and food facility on every Sunday evening
  • BandarGurha (Jakhlaun Pump Canal)
  • Devmata
  • Neelkantheshwar Temple at Pali
  • Devgarh Jain Temples
  • SadanShah ki Majaar
  • Rakhpanchampur ka Mela

Dams in Lalitpur

  • Rajghat Dam
  • Matateela Dam
  • Govind Sagar Dam ("CYPHANE" is the speciality of this dam),
  • Sehjaad Dam, Saajnam Dam, Rohini Dam

How to Reach

The city is well connected by rail and road .

Railways

Lalitpur Railway falls under main railway line of India. It is well connected by train services to all parts of the country. Daily trains are available to Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata (Howrah), Chennai, Bangalore (Bengaluru), Trivandrum, Indore, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jammu, Lucknow, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Kanpur and other major towns.

Road Transport

NH-26 passes through Lalitpur, connecting major cities of India. Bus facility to major cities - Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Indore, Bhopal, Saugor, Meerut is available.

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