Mirzapur

About Mirzapur

Ojhala Pul Mirzapur

According to the tradition, the name of this town, after which the district itself is named, was GIRZAPUR, which in turn derives its name from the goddess Parvati (Girija), who sacrificed herself here in a Vajna. Mirza, Vindhyavasini and Lakshmi are the other names of the goddess whose temple exists at Vindhyachal. The present name of the district is derived from goddess Lakshmi who emerged from the sea.

The word Mirza is formed from two words; 'Mir' meaning sea and 'ja' meaning outcome, with the additional 'pur' standing for town. It is also locally believed that the town was founded by King Nanner and was known as Girijapur, but later on it came to known as Mirzapur. The earliest mention of the town is found in the writings of Tieffenthaler, who drew up his description of the country between 1760 and 1770. He mentioned it under the name of Mirzapur especially as a great mart. In the records of Jonathan Duncan, who was resident of Varanasi, a frequent mention is made of the place as Mirzapur.

Mirzapur at a Glance

Geographical Area : 4521 sq. Kms.

Tehsils : 4

Development Blocks : 12

Nagar Palikas : 3

Gaon Sabhas : 758

Nyaya Panchayats : 105

Police Stations : 15

Railway Stations : 18

Geography of Mirzapur

The District of Mirzapur lies between the parallels of 23.52 & 25.32 North latitude and 82.7 and 83.33 East longitude. It forms a portion of the Varanasi Division. On the north and north-east, it is bounded by the Varanasi district; on the south bounded by district Sonbhadra and on the south west by the district of Allahabad.

The shape to the north and west is somewhat irregular. About 13 km. in the north east, the river Ganga separates the Tehsil of Chunar from the district of Varanasi, hence Mirzapur a natural frontier. According to Central Statistical organisation the district of Mirzapur has an area of 4521 Sq.Km.

Places To Visit

CHUNAR

This historic place lies at latitude 25.7 North & Longitude 80.55 East, 32 Km. east of Mirzapur and is connected by rail and road. It is also connected by rail with Varanasi via. Mugalsarai in the east. Tradition asserts that Bawan Bhagwan disguising himself as a Brahamana, begged three steps of land from king Bali. His first foot-step rested upon the hill of Chunar impressing it with his foot-mark. Consequently, the hill came to be known as Chunar Adri or footstep hill. With the passage of time, the name became Chunar. In the course of time the religious significance of this place increased considerably.

It is said that Bhati Nath, brother of the half Mythical Vikramaditya of Ujjain, having embraced the habit and profession of a hermit, selected the rock of Chunar as his place of retirement. Vikramaditya is said to have discovered the hiding place of his brother by the aid of certain holy hermit named Gorakhnath, and to have visited Chunar and built for his brother a residence. He, in his religious absorption, neglected to provide any shelter for himself. And a variant of the legend, states that it is the asint urf saint, not God himself, who invisibly seated on the black stone in the saint, ashrine on the summit of the hill. The next name connected with the fort is that of Prithiviraj, who is reported to have effected a settlement in this, part of the country and to bring under his rule a number of the surrounding villages.

After his death, the country is said to have been taken from his successors by Khair-ud-din Subuktagin. It appears, however from a mutilated Sanskrit inscription the gateway of the fort that the place was again recovered by Swami Raja, who put up the stone to commemorate the event. The fort was finally acquired by sahab-ud-din, who appointed a ceryain sanidi, an African and a Bahelia, with the title of hazari, as the governors of the fort, at the same time conferring on them a jagir is said to have remained with the Bahelia family through all (the British) its succeeding vicissitudes until its final cession to the British in 1772.

Chunar did not become a fortress of first rate importance till the sixteenth century, when the struggles between the pathans and Mugals for the mastery of the east took place, Baber visited the place in 1529 A.D. and owing to the number of wild beasts that infested the neighbourhood, lost many of his soldiers. These men were subsequently venerated as martyrs and their tombs are still to be seen scattered about the neighbourhood. Serkhan Sur, after emperor Sher Shah, obtained possession of the fort by marrying the wife of deceased Govern and for some time resided in it. He built the Turkish bath (haman) and armoury (silah-khana). He refused to give it up to Humayun in 1536, whereupon Humayun besieged it for six months, ultimately succeeding in capturing it by means of a floating battery built high enough to command the fortifications. But no sooner had he continued his advance into Bengal, than it fell into the hands of Sher Khan again and it was not until 1575 A.D., that it was recovered by Akbar. The latter visited Chunar for shikar(hunting). He also built the Watergate in 1586 AD., which is the date engraved on the stone archway.

VINDHACHAL

This is a large agricultural town lying in latitude 25.10 North and longitude 82.31 East,(a part of Mirzapur- cum – Vindhyachal municipal board) 11 km. West of Mirzapur which is connected by a metalled road. The ancient town of Vindhyachal, famous in the Puranas, is said to have been included within the circuit of the ancient city of Pampapura. Pampapura is supposed to have been an old Bhar city covering several Km. of area. Tradition says that this city once possessed 150 temples, all of which were destroyed by Aurangzeb. The place is celebrated as containing the shrine of the goddess Vindhyeshwari Devi, which is visited by thousands of pilgrims annually from all parts of India, especially central and southern India. The temple, which is built of stone, is of rectangular form, surrounded by a verandah, the whole encompassed by a flight of five steps.

The roof is flat and the pillars that support its interior chamber is of plain and coarse workmanship. The image of the goddess is in an interior chamber of small size and, the walls being constructed are of large coarse stones. The head of the figure is of black stone with large eyes, the whites of which are formed of plates of burnished silver, and the feet rest on black rat. The building is one of great antiquity. On the river front is the DeviGhat, a fort like structure adorned with six bastions, has a flight of about 80 steps. From this a long narrow paved street leads to the temple which is about 8Km. long. The place has a post office, a police station, a pond, a dispensary and a school.

TARKESHWAR MAHADEV

There is reference of Tarkeshwar Mahadev in Puran's and is situated in the east of Vindhayachal. At present this is in Tarkapur ward of Mirzapur. Before the temple there was a big Kund which had been dug by a Asur named Tarak. Tarak was killed by Lord Shiva so called Tarkeshwar Mahadev.

Near Kund, there were several shivlings. According to tradition God Vishanu dug a pond in the west of Tarkeshwar and established a temple of lord Shiva. Now it has disappeared. Goddess Laxmi sacrificed herself here at Tarkeshwar, as per tradition Goddess Laxmi lives here in the form of another Goddess called Vaishnavi with Goddess Saraswati.

PUNYAJALA RIVER

The river which flow between Mirzapur and Vindhayachal is Called Punyajala (Ojhala). It is said that, the Ojhala is greatest of all Tirth, as Ashwamegh in all Yagya, Himalaya in all mountain and truth in all Brata .The Water of this river is as holy as Ganga River. This is surrounded by Goddess Kali Temple, Maha Laxmi, Maha Sarsawati and Tarkeshwar Mahadev.

NAGKUND

Nagkund is situated in the west of Punyajala river. There are fifty two steps around the kund.

MAHA TRIKON

It is said that devotees and pilgrims gets their desirable Sidhi after Parikrama of Maha Trikon. After visiting the temple of Vindhayavashni Devi they visited Sankat Mochan (Mahabir) temple as well as Kalikhoh which is in the south of Vindhayachal railway Station. Devotees visiting Goddess kali for worshipping are made pious with the water of Kali Kund. They also do the Parikrama after visiting at Saint Karnagiri Bawali.

There are several temples situated in Bhairwas around the Kalikhoh; in the East Anand Bhairav, on the West Sidhnath Bhairav, in South Kapal Bhairav and Bhairav is situated in North.

ASTABHUJA DEVI

The Dewaki and Basudev were prisoners of Kans in Mathura. Dewaki was the sister of Kans, who was afraid of the eighth son of Dewaki. A girl was born in place of the son as their eighth baby. Kans tried to kill the baby but she slipped from the hand of Kans and flew in the sky. Later that baby became famous as Goddess Asthbhuja Devi. She resides at the top of the Vindhaya Mountain in Vindhayachal.

SHIVPUR

According to the Hindu Mythology, Bhagwan Sri Ram Chandra had done the shradh of his father king Dasrath as per direction of Rishi Basistha in Vindhaya area. First of all Bhagwan Sri Ramchandra worshiped lord Shiva and paid his dedication to Goddess Vindhayavasini Devi. After that he established an idol of lord Shiva in the west, which is famous with the name of Rameshwar so it is called Shivpur.

SITA KUND

Sita ji dug a kund in the west of Astbhuja Devi temple called Sita kund. Near the kund sita ji established lord Shiva which became famous with the name Siteshwar. In the west of Sita Kund, Bhagwan Sri Ram Chandra dug a kund which named as Ram Kund. In Shivpur, Laxaman Ji Established a Shiv ling near Rameshwar which is famous as Laxmaneshwar.

KANTIT SHARIF

The mausoleum of khavaja Esmile Chisti is situated in the ward of Kantit sharif . Annually ursh fair is celebrated both by the Hindus and Muslims. Near the mausoleum there is shrine of Mugal Kal, which is very long. The shrine is known as Longia Pahalwan shrine.

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