Muzaffar Nagar

History of Muzaffar Nagar


In pages of history and revenue records SARVAT was known as pargana which was given as JAGIR to one of the chieftains named SAIYED MUZAFFARKHAN by emperor SHAHJHAN. He founded the city of Muzaffarnagar in 1633 with lands of KHERA & SUJRU. His project was completed by his son Munawar Lashkar Khanwho in turn named the city after his father Muzaffar Khan.

But recent finding of archeological site at village MANDI (Tehsil SADAR) in west of river Kali takes the roots of district Muzaffarnagar to HARAPPAN civilization. Hordes of gold ring like objects and other precious stones prove that the site was the part of mature HARAPPAN culture and also important center of trade during ancient times. More excavations are being carried out by Archaeological Survey of India and in near future better picture will emerge from these findings.

Proximity with Hastinapur and Kuruksheshtra indicates that this district was hub of activities during the Mahabarat era. With exceptions of few findings of GREECO-ROMAN coins, there is hardly any direct mention of the region for a long period of time. But with strategic location of Muzaffarnar Nagar, it can be safely presumed that there were a lot of political as well as economic activities here. Rajputs, Tagas and Brahmins dominated the area according to C.H.NEVILLE, I.C.S. in his compilation of Muzaffarnagar Gazetteer. Later JATS replaced the TAGAS.

Persian literature has mentionthe place during TIMUR's invasion of India. A large number of Hindus gathered at Bhokar Heri on the banks of river Ganga to resist his armies according to Timur. But unorganized Hindu force was defeated by him in year 1399.

Later on this district was adopted by the Saiyeds of different clans. During Mughal period this area became a favourite resort of royal nobles of Mughal court and many of them obtained Jagirs here.

Geography of Muzaffar Nagar

Muzaffar Nagar is located at northern part of Uttar Pradesh. The district of Muzaffar Nagar forms a portion of division Saharanpur, and situated in the doab of the Ganges and the Jamuna, between the districts of Meerut on the South and Saharanpur on the North. On the west, the Jamuna separates it from the Panipatand Thaneswar tahsil of the Karnal district of Haryana; and on the east the river Ganges forms the boundary between this district and the Bijnor tahsil of the district of same name. It is roughly rectangular in shape, lying between north latitude 29º 11' 30'' and 29º 45' 15" and east longitude 77º 3' 45" and 78º 7'.

The maximum length of district from east to west is sixty-one miles, and its maximum breadth from north to south thirty-six miles.

The average length and breadths are about fifty-three and thirty-one miles, respectively. The total area in 1901was accounted to 1,963,662 acres, or 1,662 square miles and in 2000 it accounted to 4049 square k.m.. The district is well connected by road and railway network. National Higway-58 passes through Muzaffarnagar city. Upper Ganga & Lower Yamuna canal lie in this district.

Culture of Muzaffar Nagar

Muzaffar Nagar has Indo-Islamic cultural influence . The older parts of the city have a Mughal feel, many monuments of Mughal period are spread in the villages and towns of this district.

Jansath Tehsil, about 22 km from district headquarters, has many Havelies (grand mansions) of the Sayyids: Sheeshmahal, Killi Darwaja etc. are a few of them.

"Jansath House" is an old palatial bangalow situated at Ansari Road, owned by senior advocate Sh Jamil Ahmad, this bangalow was earlier owned by Sayyid Brothers of Jansath. Maulana Iftikharul Hassan Saheb of Kandhla on his visit to city stay at this bangalow and gave his sermons here.

Bohoron Ka Mandir, situated on Ansari Road, Muzaffar Nagar is a very quiet spiritual place to spend time as very few people visit it. The special thing about this temple is its Ekadash Shivalinga (eleven Shivlingas).

Vahelna, 4 km from the city, is a holy site for Jains. Vahelna is an excellent example of Hindu-Muslim brotherhood as the walls of Mosque, Shiv Mandir and Jain Mandir touch each other.

World famous Muslim cleric and author of books on Islamic jurisprudence, Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi is from Thana Bhawan of this District. Founder of Tablighi Jamaat Movement Maulana Ilyas is from Kandhla in Muzaffar Nagar district. Writer of Fazail e AAmal is also from the same Kandhla.

Famous Hindi writer Vishnu Prabhakar is from Mirapur in Muzaffar Nagar.

Places to Visit

  • Famous Shiv statue of SHIV CHOWK in the heart of the city.
  • Boharon ka Mandir (City)
  • Shukartal: This is very famous hindu holy place situated at 30 Km from district headquarter on the bank of GANGA. It is said that at this place only Maharishi Sukdev Ji narrated the Bhagvadgeeta before Raja Parikshat, son of Abnhimanu and grandson of ARHUNA. A temple was built near the VAT VRIKSH under which Sukdev ji narrated the story
  • Inside view of Sukdev temple. Raja Pariskshat listening Bahagwad geeta from Maharishi Sukdev ji.
  • Statue of Ganeshji at Ganeshdham (Sukartaal) of 35 ft height.
  • Akshya Wat & statue of Hanumanji of 72 ft height at Hanumatdham(Shukartaal).
  • Kamla Nehru Vatika (on G.T.Road, Near Sadar Tehsil).
  • Bahu ki Mazar(Sadat Hostel) : where wife of Saiyed Munawwar Laskar Khan was cremated.

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