Physical Infrastructure

Airports

Airports
  • The state has six domestic airports, located at Agra, Allahabad, Gorakhpur, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi.
  • International flights operate from Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport, Lucknow, and Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport, Varanasi.
  • Lucknow airport received 2,312,291 passengers and Varanasi airport received 826,282 passengers during April 2013 to March 2014*.
  • New airports have been proposed at Shrawasti and Kushinagar districts. In February 2014, seven new airports were also proposed for Meerut, Moradabad, Faizabad, Agra, Allahabad, Bareilly and Kanpur.
  • The Government of Uttar Pradesh is planning to develop an international airport between Agra and Mathura.
  • Proposed Airports on PPP model –
    • Agra in the vicinity of DMIC to provide facility of dry-cargo transport along with aircraft maintenance hub and
    • Kushinagar in eastern Uttar Pradesh to promote industrial development and tourism
Source : *Airports Authority of India

Railways

Railways
  • The railway network in Uttar Pradesh is the largest in the country and railway density is nearly twice (40 km) the national average of 20 km per 1000 sq km of area.
  • The state is well-connected to other parts of the country by a railway network spanning over 8,800 km at the end of the year 2011-12*.
  • The major sectors and industries serviced by the railways include agriculture, cement, fertilizers, coal and manufacturing.
  • Various parts of the state are catered to by five of the 17 railway zones in India. These are Northern Railways, North Eastern Railways, East Central Railways, North Central Railways and West Central Railways.
  • Lucknow is the main junction for the Northern and North Eastern Railways.
  • Intra-state rail network is well-developed, connecting the towns and the district headquarters of Uttar Pradesh.
  • The Delhi Metro Rail links Noida and Ghaziabad with Delhi.
Source : Indian Railways, CMIE

Roads

Roads
  • The corporation has a fleet size of around 9,506 buses, of which 97 per cent are on-road carrying 95.1 million passengers in a year. Annual total income for the year 2012-13 was US$ 94.6 million.
  • Yamuna Expressway is a six lane (extendable to eight lanes), 165-km long, controlled-access expressway, connecting Greater Noida with Agra.
  • The state is well-connected to its nine neighbouring states and other parts of India through 48 national highways.
  • The length of national highways running through the state accounts for about 8.5 per cent of the total national highway (NH) length in India.
  • UPSRTC was established in 1972 to provide an economical, reliable and comfortable transport in the state of Uttar Pradesh with connecting services to adjoining states.
Road type Road length (km) as of March 2011
National Highways 7,863*
State Highways 8,4321
Other district roads 169,153
Rural roads 86,827
Total road length 390,256
Source : Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Government of Uttar Pradesh
Note: UPSRTC - Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation, NHAI - National Highway Authority of India, Uttar Pradesh Public Works Department latest data

Power

  • As of April 2014, Uttar Pradesh had a total installed power generation capacity of 14,375.3 MW, comprising 5,472.2 MW of state share, 5,250.6 MW of central share and 3,652.6 MW of private share.
  • The installed power generation capacity in the state increased to 14,375.3 MW in 2013-14 from 9,246.7 MW in 2008-09.
  • The state is in the process of implementing and testing the public–private partnership model in the power sector with an input-based franchisee system.
  • Multiple power projects are being mooted. Dopaha (3x660MW) in the Sonebhadra district and Jawaharpur (2x660MW) in the Etah district are under active consideration and other thermal projects under construction are Bara, Karchana and Yamuna Expressway Power Projects. There are 10 hydro power generation projects being undertaken at various places in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Thermal power project of 2x250MW capacity will be set up at Gonda.
  • In vote-on-account of Budget 2014-15, a sum of US$ 715.3 million has been proposed for power generation and distribution schemes.
  • In April 2014, Su-Kam won a large scale rural electrification project under Lohia Awas Project to install and commission solar power systems in 40,000 rural households in Uttar Pradesh*.
  • In the 2012-13 budget, the state government proposed US$ 1.7 billion for various energy schemes.

State-owned power companies

Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Limited (UPRVUNL) Power generation (thermal)
Uttar Pradesh Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited (UPJVNL) Power generation (hydro)
Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Limited (UPPCL) Power transmission
Paschimanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (PVVNL) Power distribution
Purvanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (PuVVNL) Power distribution
Madhyanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (MVVNL) Power distribution
Dakshinanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (DVVNL) Power distribution

Telecom

  • The Uttar Pradesh circle has good telecom infrastructure, with all the major players providing services in the state.
  • According to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), Uttar Pradesh has a total telecom subscriber base of 127.1 million, which includes nearly 125.7 million wireless subscribers and 1.3 million wire-line subscribers, with a tele-density of 57.3 per cent as of March 2014.
  • The state has a vast postal circle (17,667 post offices) divided into six regions: Allahabad, Agra, Bareilly, Gorakhpur, Kanpur and Lucknow.
  • Uttar Pradesh had 3,213# telephone exchanges as of December 2011.

Telecom Infrastructure (March 2014)

Wireless connectionsM 125,737,263
Wire-line connections 1,343,208
Broadband subscribers 612,550*
Post offices 17,667
Telephone exchanges# 3,213*
Teledensity (in per cent) 57.3
Source : Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, Department of Telecommunications, Annual Report 2012-13, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, India Post (http://www.indiapost.gov.inExternal website that opens in a new window), #Includes Uttarakhand, *As of December 2011, **As of December 2013

Major telecom operators in Uttar Pradesh

  • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL)
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Idea Cellular
  • Vodafone Essar
  • Aircel Ltd
  • Reliance Communications
  • Tata Teleservices
Source : Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
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