History of Pilibhit

In 1801 when Rohilkhand was ceded to the British Pilibhit was a Pargana of the district Of Bareilly, which lost it in 1833, the arrangement being temporary and the tract being again united with Bareilly in 1841. In 1871 was formed the Pilibhit subdivision comprising Jahanabad, Pilibhit and Puranpur which was eventually converted into a separate district in 1879. At the introduction of the British rule the Parganas of Pilibhit, Jahanabad & Bisalpur was formed into separate Tehsils. Puranpur was united for this purpose with Khutar.

A redistribution of the area was effected in 1824, when the Bisalpur Tehsil contained the Parganas of Bisalpur and Maurari, which afterwards become a single area; Jahanabad was joined with Richha to form tehsil Pareva & Pilibhit with Bilheri, the head quater being at Pilibhit. In 1851 Bilheri and the other Tarai Pargana were taken under direct management and in 1863 Richha was attached to the new Baheri tehsil, Pargana Jahanabad being assigned to Pilibhit which also received Puranpur on its transfer in 1865. The latter, in 1871, became subtehsil dependent on Pilibhit.

The promotion of Puranpur into a full Tehsil occurred in 1879, while Bisalpur throughout remained a seprate subdivision.Thus the area is now divided into three Tehsils and four Parganas. Puranpur & Bisalpur constituting individual Tehsils and Parganas & the Tehsil of Pilibhit comprising the Paraganas of Pilibhit and Jahanabad.

Geography of Pilibhit


According to the central statistical organization the district Pilibhit had an area of 3,504 km2, occupying 49th position in the state on July 1, 1971. Major part of Pilibhit District is covered by dense forest. Total 78478 hectare is covered with forest.

Location and Boundaries:

The district of Pilibhit is the north-eastern most district of Rohilkhand division which is situated in the sub Himalayan belt on the boundary of Nepal. It lies between the parallels of 28o6' and 28o53' north latitude and the meridians of 79o57' and 80o27' east longitude. On the north are the district Udhamsingh Nagar and the territory of Nepal, on the south lies the Shahjahanpur district, on the east the district is flanked for a short distance by district Kheri and for the remaining distance by the Shahjahanpur district and on the west the district of Bareilly.

Pilibhit at a Glance

Coordinates 28°38′59″N 79°52′21″E / 28.6497°N 79.8724°E
Region Rohilkhand
State Uttar Pradesh
Division Bareilly
District(s) Pilibhit
Settled Late 15th century AD
Blocks 7 (Amaria, Marauri, Lalaurikhera, Barkhera, Bilsanda, Bisalpur, Puranpur)
Thana 14 (Kotwali, Sungadi, Amaria, Neoria, Jahanbad, Gajraula, Bisalpur, Barkhera, Bilsanda, Deuria kalan, Puranpur, Madhautanda, Hazara, Sehramau North)
Town Area / Munispal board 9 (Pilibhit MB, Bisalpur MB, Puranpur MB, Neoria Husainpur TA, Jahanbad TA, Gajraula Bhindra TA, Barkhera TA, Bilsanda TA, Kalinagar TA)
Civic agency Pilibhit Nagar Palika Parisad
Ward 52 wards
Official languages Hindi, Urdu, English, Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
• Elevation
• Coastline
68.76 km2 (27 sq mi)
• 172 m (564 ft)
• 0 km (0 mi)


• Pincode • 262001
• Telephone • +05882
• Vehicle • UP-26

Places to Visit

Gauri Shankar Temple

This temple is 250 years old. This is situated in Mohalla KHAKRA at banks of rivers DEVHA & KHAKRA. It is said that the fore fathers of PUJARI Pandit Har Prasad came to this place with other saints. There was a jungle at that time. He dreamt in the night that Bhagwan Shankar is here, in the morning he saw the moorti of SHANKAR BHAGWAN.

Gradually a temple was built. Every year a fair is organized here on the occasions of SHIVRATRI, RAKSHA BANDHAN and on every Monday of SHARAVAN MAS. A dharamshala is situated at the outer side of the temple, which was donated by Dwarika Das Banjara. There are two big entry gates at the Eastern and Southern side of the Temple. These gates were built by Hafiz Rahmat Khan.

Jama Masjid

Many big buildings were constructed in the Mughal period. A replica of Jama Masjid, Delhi was built in Pilibhit by Hafiz Rahmat Khan in 1769. Previously there was a pond at this place. Three lakh rupees were spent for the construction of this Masjid at that time.

A sun watch is still there in the Jama Masjid. Hafiz Rahmat Khan was the Afghan Rohilla leader whose jagirs or estates included Pilibhit and Bareilly, where he is buried. He became the leader of the Rohilla Afghans in western Avadh, but was killed in a battle against the Nawab of Avadh, assisted by the British forces in 1774. The gateway is built in Mughal style, paying homage to the gateways of the Jama Masjid in Delhi, while the wall around the mosque enclosure shows the curvilinear Bengali roof found in Shahjahan's additions to the Mughal palace at Agra.

Every Friday, large Muslim population of the city and nearby villages comes to the masjid and performs the prayer in zamat. Due to dense population around this monument and lack of proper maintenance, the part of the building has been destroyed and part of land has been constructed. A small market is also held on every Tuesday in the Jama Masjid compound, which causes damage to the 250-year-old building. A new Tehsil compound also has come up near to the great Jama Masjid compound.

Dargah Hazrat Shah Md. Sher Mian Ki

In the northern side of the city of Pilibhit a dargha of qutebe Pilibhit Hazrat Kibla Haji Shah Ji Mohammad Sher Mian Sahib Rahmat Ullah Aleh is situated. People travel from other states and countries to take the blessing of Hazrat Shah ji mian. It is also said that by offering a Chadar at the dargah is fruitful to the people. The dargar has become place of social harmony as people of various religions come here to offer their faith

Chhathavi Padshahi Gurudwara

This is a 400-year-old gurudwara in the Pakrdiya locality of the city. It is said that Guru Govind Singhji took rest here on the way to Nanakmatta. He established a gurudwara here on the name of the 6th guru Sri Har Govind ji and named it Chattvi Padshahi Gurudwara. In 1983, one of the famous social servants in area Sri Baba Faoj Singh reconstructed this beautiful shrine.

Raja Venu Ka Tila

In the Puranpur Tehsil of District Pilibhit, one KM away from railway station Shahgarh one TILA is situated, There was a Mahal of Raja Venu at this tila. A very big well and ruins tells the story of how flourish was the King at that time.

Raja ji Temple

Raja lalta Prasad and Sahau Har Prasad, belonging to the royal family of Pilibhit worked together and attained lot of fame and prosperity. Their contribution in making the town of Pilibhit well-known in the region was immense. Raja Lalta Prasad along with his brother Sahu Har Prasad (1875-1953) apart from setting up businesses, such as the Lalit hari sugar mills took interest in the development of the region and established the Lalit Hari Sanskrit and Ayurvedic college, the Radha Ramanji temple, dharamshalas at religious centres in the shahukara locality of the city.

Ardhanarishwer Temple

Ardhanarishwer Temple is a newly constructed, well-decorated temple, which is the center point of all Shiva devotees of the city. It is situated on the station road, near the Vishal cinema. This temple becomes extremely crowded during Shraavana month and on the day of Mahashivratri. Another attraction of this temple is the Kali puja, organized on the Diwali night in an auspious mahurat by the Bengali community of the city. Thousands of devotees take part together in the puja.

Jaisantri Devi Temple

It is one of the sacred place of the area, placed near awas vikas colony locality of the city, which is almost 5 km away from the railway station. The Temple is a place of faith of thousands and lakhs Hindus of surrounding areas. The temple becomes very crowded during Navratri days. A large fair used to be organized in the compound during Navratri, which attracts a large crowd from the district and from nearby districts.

It is believed that the temple was constructed some time in 1858, after the great Indian sepoy mutiny, in the memory of some sepoys, who died while fighting with the British forces in the field near the temple. The temple compound also has a Peepal tree which is believed to be more than 200 years old and witnessed the sepoy mutiny in 1857.

Beside this great historical and religious importance, the devastating flood in the September 2008 damaged the temple building and other small temples in the compound. Although some maintenance has been done by the temple management committee, a large scale restoration is required to save this 150 year old temple.

Gomat Taal

The Gomti River is one of the most sacred rivers of north India. It originates from a reservoir called Gomat Taal, which is about 7 km east of Pilibhit and flows over 800 km into the River Ganges. It passes through Lucknow the capital of Uttar Pradesh and the latter part of its course through Barabanki, Sultanpur, Faizabad and Jaunpur districts.

According to legends in the Pilibhit locality, the river is considered to be the daughter of Sage Vashistha. During solar eclipse, devotees believe that taking a bath in the Gomat taal is equivalent to the bath taken in the rivers in Kurukshetra.

Devha-Ghaghra Sangum

The river Devha joins the River Ghaghra at a place named Bharmchari Ghat, next to the Aurvedic college campus in the Khakra locality of the city. Though there are no proper roads to reach that place, but some bull carts are always available for transportation, one has to cross both of the rivers before reaching the main ghat.

Every year on the occasion of Karthik Purnima, which is also known as Ganga snan, solar eclipse], lunar eclipse, a big fair is organized at sangum, devotees come to sangum and take bath organize prayers. People from various communities come to this Ghats, cook Dal-Bhat and distribute among devotees after offering to the rivers.

Old Pilibhit

The present town is of comparatively recent origin but there is still a village known as Old Pilibhit standing on the left bank of the Khakra river about 5 km to the northeast near the road to Nyoria Husainpur. This village had always been occupied by the Banjaratribe of the Periya clan.

Chuka Beach

Chuka beach is situated between the main Sharda canal and Sharda sagar dam under the Mahof forest range. This is an evergreen forest area protected by the Government of India, and is one of five forest reserves in the district,: Mala, Haripur, Barahi, Mahof and Deoriya. The district administration has developed this place as a picnic spot in order to increase the tourism in the area

How to Reach

By Train:

Main Three express trains reaching here from Lucknow at 23:41 hrs. , 02:52 hrs. and 14:05 hrs. named as Lucknow-Agra express(5313), Nainital Express(5308) and Rohilkhand Express(5310) respectively.

Two express trains from Agra reaching here at 00:12 hrs 02:10 hrs. named as Agra-Gonda express(GOKUL-5316) and Agra-Lucknow(5314) Express.

From Delhi one has to reach first nearby district Bareilly or train then may reach Pilibhit by a bus or meter gauge train.


Pilibhit is also very well connected to Bareilly by bus at the frequency of ½ hr. Direct buses are also available from Delhi, Lucknow, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Kanpur, Rupaidhiya, Agra and Tanakpur etc.

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