Pratapgarh

History of Pratapgarh

Belha Devi Temple in Pratapgarh

This district that forms a part of Faizabad Divison is named after its headquarters town Bela Pratabgarh, commonly known as Pratapgarh. Pratap Singh, a raja of the locality who flourished between 1628-1682, made Rampur near old town of Aror, his headquarters. There he built a fort and called it Pratabgarh after his own name.

Subsequently the locality around the fort came to be known as Pratapgarh. When the district was constituted in 1858 its headquarters was established at Bela which came to be known as Bela Pratapgarh, the name Bela presumably being derived from the temple of Bela Bhawani on the bank of river Sai.

Geography of Pratapgarh

Pratapgarh district, lies between 25o34' and 26o11' latitudes while between 81o19' and 82o27' longitudes. Primarily, an agrarian district, for a while now, Pratapgarh has risen in ranks as the top producer of Aonla fruit. It is a multi-purpose fruit which, is extremely rich in vitamin C and, helps cure gastro-intestinal disorders. It is exported all over india and the world in the form of sweets and medicines.

Pratapgarh is situated on the Allahabad-Faizabad main road at a distance of 39 km from Sultanpur and 61 km from Allahabad. It is one of the olders districts of Uttar Pradesh, that came into existence in the year 1858. It is at a height of 137 mt. from sea level.

Location and Boundaries

The District lies between the parallels of 25o34' and 26o11' north latitude and between the meridians of 81o19' and 82o27' east longitude extending for some 110 km. from west to east. It is surrounded on the north by district Sultanpur,on the south by district Allahabad,on the east by district Jaunpur and on the west by Fatehpur and north-east by district Rae Bareli. In the south-west the Ganga forms the boundary of the district for about 50 km separating it from Fatehpur and Allhabad and in the extreme north-east the Gomti forms the boundary for about 6 km.

Area Covered

According to The Central Statistical Organization the district has an area of 3,730 km2.

Archaeological Finds

Several human skeletons along with some animal bones and a number of small stones implement, belonging probably to the Neolithic age, have been unearthed in Archaeological exploration at Sarai Nahar in Kunda Tehsil. It is the only site in the entire valley of Ganga which has yielded human skeleton of such an early age as also the Stone Age implements.

On the left bank of river Sai there stand a ruined "Kot" representing a Buddhist Stupa. Town Bihar has been conjectured that the remains are probably of an ancient Buddhist monastery which gave its name Bihar. Bihar signifies Vihar or majesties.

Places to Visit

Pratapgarh district is also known for temples. Belha Devi Temple is situated on the bank of River Sai and Maa Chandika Devi Temple near Bajhan village which is 15 km from Pratpgarh district headquarters.

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