Saharanpur

About Saharanpur

Mazahir Uloom Saharanpur

Saharanpur district has attained the status as Saharanpur division in 1997 of Uttar Pradesh. Saharanpur city has attained the status as Saharanpur Nagar Nigam on 01.10.2009 and is 13th Municipal Corporation in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

It is the administrative headquarters of Saharanpur District as well as Saharanpur Division.Saharanpur is famous for its wood carving cottage industry and earn foreign exchange as well.

As regards to its physical features, the north and the northeast of the district is surrounded by Shivalik hills and separates it from the Dehradun district Uttaranchal state. The river Yamuna forms its boundary in the west which separates it from Karnal and Yamunanagar districts of Haryana. In the East lies the district of Haridwar ( of Uttaranchal state presently) which was the part of district Saharanpur before 1989 and in the south lies the district Muzaffarnagar. At the time of the British Rule district Muzaffarnagar was also a part of district Saharanpur.

The district is in a rectangular shape and it lies between 29 degrees 34 minutes 45 seconds and 30 degrees 21 minutes 30 seconds north latitude and 77 degrees 9 minutes and 78 degrees 14 minutes 45 seconds eastlongitude. Its total area is 3860 square Kilometers. According to 2001 & 2011 census the population of Saharanpur district are 2896860, 3466382 respectively. Saharanpur is primarily an agricultural district.

History of Saharanpur

The physical features of the district have proved that Saharanpur region was fit for human habitation. The archaeological survey has proved that the evidence of different cultures is available in this area. The excavations were carried out in different parts of the district, i.e Ambakheri, Bargaon, Hulas, Bhadarabad and Naseerpur etc.

A number of things have been found during these excavations, on the basis of whichit is established that in Saharanpur district, the earliest habitants were found as early as 2000 B.C. Traces of Indus Valley civilization and even earlier are available and now it can be definitely established that this region is connected with Indus valley civilization.

From the days of the Aryans, history of this region is traceable in a logical manner but it is difficult at present to trace out history and administration of the local kings without further exploration and excavations. The history of the area goes back to ages.

With the passage of time its name changed rapidly. During the region of Iltutmish Saharanpur became a part of the Slave Dynasty. Muhammad Tughlag reached northern doab to crush the rebellion of Shiwalik Kings in 1340. There he came to know about the presence of a Sufi saint on the banks of ‘Paondhoi’ river. He went to see him there and decreed that henceforth the place should be known as 'Shah-Harunpur' by the name of Saint Shah Harun Chisti.

Akbar was the first Mughal ruler who established civil administration in Saharanpur and made it 'Saharanpur-Sarkar' under Delhi province and appointed a Governor. The Jagir of Saharanpur was honoured to Raja Sah Ranveer Singh who founded the city of Saharanpur. At that time Saharanpur was a small village and served as army cantt area. The nearest settlements at that time were Shekhpura and Malhipur. Most of the part of Saharanpur was covered by forests and 'Paondhoi' 'Dhamola' and 'Ganda Nala' (Kregi Nala) were Swampy/Marshy. The climate was humid hence it was prone to malaria.

The city which Sah Ranveer Singh founded was surrounded by 'Nakhasa', 'Rani Bajar', ‘Shah Bahlol' and 'Lakhi Gate' along the 'Paondhoi’ River. Saharanpur was a walled city and had four gates:

  • Sarai Gate
  • Mali Gate
  • Buria Gate
  • Lakhi Gate

Saharanpur was taken over by Britishers in 1803. Shamali

Geography of Saharanpur

Saharanpur forms the most northerly position of the Doab land which stretches between the holy rivers of the Ganges and the Yamuna, The Shivalik hills rise above it on the northern frontier. The portion of Doab in which Saharanpur is situated was probably one of the first region of upper India occupied by the Aryans colonisers as they spread eastward from the Punjab.

Saharanpur district attained the status as Saharanpur division in 1997 of Uttar Pardesh. the north and the north east of the district is surrounded by Shivalik hills and separates it from the Dehradun district in the recently created state of Uttranchal. The river Yamuna forms its boundary in the west which separates it from Karnal and Yamunanagar districts of Haryana.

In the East lies the district of Haridwar which was the part of district Saharanpur before 1989 and in the south lies the district Muzafarnagar. At the time of the British Rule District Muzaffarnagar was also a part of district Saharanpur.

The district is in a rectangular shape and it lies between 29 degrees 34 minutes 45 seconds and 30 degrees 21 minutes 30 seconds north latitude and 77 degrees 9 minutes and 78 degrees 14 minutes 45 seconds east longitude. Its total area is 3860 square Kilometers.

The district has hills of Shivalik chain which appear in a far more marked form in Saharanpur than any other district of Uttar Pardesh while below the hills are to be seen in a modified form the prevailing characteristics of the Bhabar and Tarai region.

The main characteristics of the district can be divided into four parts.

  • Shivalik Hill Tract
  • The Bhabar Land
  • Bangar Land
  • Khadar Land (Yamuna, Hindon)

Yamuna is the important river of the district. Apart from this Solani, Hindon, Ratmau, Nagdev have also played an important role in the physical reconstruction of the district. All the rivers of the district submerge either in Yamuna or in the Ganges.

Climate of Saharanpur

Saharanpur has a tropical climate because of the proximity of the Himalayan region across this Northern district. It is sub humid region especially the upper Ganga plain areas. Saharanpur records an average temperature around 23.30 during the course of the year. June is the hottest recorded month while January is the coldest one. Humidity is more in the western area as compared to the eastern region of Saharanpur.

Places to Visit

  • Dargah Abdul Qudoos
  • Shakumbhari Devi
  • Dar Ul Uloom
  • Bala Sundari
  • Naugaja Peer
  • Dera Banda Nawaz

How to Reach

Saharanpur is well-connected to all major cities by bus and train. The city is located on National Highway 73. It is a major junction of Indian Railways. The main railway station, Saharanpur Junction railway station, is in the middle of the city, and the Tapri Railway Station is on Paper Mill Road. The Roadways Bus-stand is located near the Saharanpur Junction Railway Station; buses operated by Uttar Pradesh Government Roadways and other government and private sector services are available from here for all nearby towns and major cities. Saharanpur Airport is at Sarsawa Air Base, it is manned and operated by the Indian Air Force. Saharanpur falls on the route of the proposed 1,839-kilometre (1,143 mi) Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor project, funded by the World Bank.

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