Sant Kabir Nagar

About Sant Kabir Nagar

Kabir Samadhi Sant Kabir Nagar

District Sant Kabir Nagar is a newly created district in the eastern belt of U.P.. The district came to be known by its present name on account of Sant Kabir, the well known Sant (poet) and philosopher, lived at Maghar in the district. District Sant kabir nagar was created on September 5, 1997 from district Basti, including 131 villages from tahsil Basti, and 161 from tahsil Bansi of district Siddharth Nagar.

The district lies among Gorakhpur in the east, Basti in the west, Siddharth Nagar in the north and Ambedkar Nagar in the south.. According to the district statistical department the district covered an area of 1659.15 sq. km. According to the census of 1991 the district has a population 1162138 persons of which 605533 are males and 556505 females of which 81718 persons resides in urban areas and 1080420 in rural areas. The population density of the district is about 700 per sq. km. while 472 is of the state.

History of Sant Kabir Nagar

Sant Kabir Nagar district was created on September 5, 1997. The new district comprised 131 villages of erstwhile Basti tahsil of Basti district and 161 villages of erstwhile Bansi tahsil of Siddharthnagar district. Before September 5, 1997 it was the tehsil for Basti District.

Topography of Sant Kabir Nagar

The district,in spite of its apparent uniformity of aspect, it divided topographically into several distinct tracts namely, the low valley of the Ghaghra in the south, extending from that river to its tributary, the Kuwana; the central upland ,between the latter river and the Rapti; and the low and ill-drained paddy belt between the Rapti and others.

Climate of Sant Kabir Nagar

The climate of the district is more equable than the adjoining districts to the south.The year can be divided into four seasons. The winter season, from mid-November to February is followed by the summer season lasting till about the middle of June. The period from mid-June to the end of September constitutes the south-west monsoon season. October to mid-November is the post monsoon or transition period.

Rainfall :

The average annual rainfall in the district is 1166 mm.

Temperature :

During the winter seasons the mean minimum temperature is about 9 degree Celsius and the mean maximum temperature is 23 degree Celsius. During the summer seasons the minimum is about 25 degree Celsius and mean maximum is about 44 degree Celsius.

Humidity :

In the south-west monsoon and the post monsoon seasons the relative humidity is high, being above 70 percent. Thereafter the humidity decreases and in the summer air is very dry.

Cloudiness :

During the monsoon season, and for brief spells of a day or two in association with passing disturbances in winter, heavily clouded or overcast skies prevail. In the rest of the year the skies are mostly clear or lightly clouded.

Winds :

Winds are in general very light with a slight increase in force the late summer and monsoon seasons. The average annual wind blow in the district is ranging from 2 to 7.1 km/hrs.

Flora and Fauna of Sant Kabir Nagar

Flora

In the former days a large part of the district was covered with forest of Sal and other trees, but since then most of it has been cleared and brought under the plough . Though the district is no longer rich in Timber, it can still be described as well-wooded, owing to the numerous clumps of Mango (Mangitera Indica), Mahua (Madhuca Longifolia), Sal (Sorea Robusta), and Bamboo (Bambusa Arundinacea).

Plantations of fast growing species such as Bamboo, Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus Tereticornis), Mango and Shesham (Dalbergia Sissoo) have been raised in the district.

Wild Animals

The wild animals which are found in this district include the Nilgai (Boselaphus Tragocamelus), Antelok (Anelok Cervicapra), Pig (Sus Scrofa), Wolf (Canis Lupus), Jackal (Conis Aureus), Fox (Vulpes Bengalensis), Hare (Lepus Ruficandatus), Monkey (Macaca Mulatta), Wild Cat (Felis Bengalensis) and the Porcupine (Hystric Leucura) .

Birds

The game - birds of the district include the usual varieties found throughout the plains. Among them Peafowl(Pavo Cristatus), the Black Partridge (Frencolinus Francolinus) and the Gray Partridge(Francalinus Pondicervanus). Basti is famous for the number and variety of water fowls which visit it during the winter season. The Goose (Anser), Common Teal (Anas Crecca), Red-Cristed Pochard Duck(Netta Rufina), White-Eyed Pochard (Aythya Rufa) and Widgeon (Mareca Penelope) visit the district only in winter and inhabit the fringes of rivers lakes and swamps.

Reptiles

Snakes are common in the district especially in the rural areas, the major being the Cobra (Naja Naja), Karait (Bungarus Caeruleus), and Rat-Snake (Ptyas Mucosus). Indian Crocodile or Naka (Crocodilus Pulustris), and the Ghariyal (Gavialis Gangeticus) are also found in the river Ghaghra.

FISH

Fish of almost all the varieties that occur elsewhere in the state are found in the rivers, lakes and ponds of the district, the common species being Rohu (Lebeo Rohita), Bhakur (Catla), Nain (Cirrhina Mrigala), Parhin (Wallagonia Attu), Krunch (Lebeo Calbasu), Tengan (Mystus Seenghla) etc.

Places to Visit

  • Mahuli
  • Semriyawan
  • Mehndawal
  • Dhanghta
  • Bakhira
  • Pachpokhri
  • Garathwalia

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