Siddharth Nagar

About Siddharth Nagar

Ancient building in Siddharth Nagar

Siddharthnagar district is one of the 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in Northern India. Naugarh town is the district headquarters. Siddharthnagar district is a part of Basti division. The district is known for the ruins of the Shakya Janapada, at Piprahwa, 22 km from the district headquarters Naugarh. According to Government of India, the district Siddharthnagar is one of the minority concentrated districts in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.

History of Siddharth Nagar

Siddharthnagar district was carved out on 29 December 1988 by bifurcating Basti district. The new district comprised the Northern part of the erstwhile Basti district.

Today's Piprahwa (22 km from Siddharthnagar) is identified with ancient Kapilvastu where Lord Buddha spent the early years of his life. Kapilvastu was the capital of the Shakya clan whose ruler was the father of Lord Buddha, and therefore Lord Buddha is also called as Shakyamuni. The Sakya domain was one of the sixteen independent principalities of the 6th century BC.

Prince Gautam, as the Buddha was then known, left his palace in Kapilvastu at the age of 29, and revisited in 12 years later, after attaining enlightenment.

Today, Kapilvastu comprises several villages, mainly Piprahwa and Ganvaria. A large Stupa stands at the ancient site which is said to have housed the bone relics of Lord Buddha. The presence of these relics is testified by an ancient Brahmi inscription found at Piprahwa. The ruins of the royal palace are spread over a large area. Excavations by archaeological survey of India have revealed the relation of this place to the Kushan period. An excavated stupa bears text that proves the existence of an ancient monastery named Devaputra in this place. Two mounds have also been excavated at only a little distance (1.5 km) from this village which, is considered to be the ruins of King Suddhodhana's palace.

Notable individuals of the region Ahmad Hussain[Akrahra], Baadshah Mehdi Hasan Khan (Khajuria), freedom fighter Qazi Adeel abbasi, Qazi Iftekhar Ahmad, Late Haji Noorul Haque (Naugarh Bazar) and Maulana Abdul Qayyum Rahmani. Saddened by communal riots and massacre during partition of India, Maulana Abdul Qayyum Rahmani, an eminent leader of Congress, abandoned politics and settled down in his native place village of Dudwania to spend his remaining life.

Geography of Siddharth Nagar

Siddharthnagar district lies between 27°N to 27°28'N and 82°45'E to 83°10'E. It is part of Purvanchal. The district borders Nepal's districts Kapilvastu on the north and Rupandehi on the northeast. Otherwise it is surrounded by other districts of Uttar Pradesh: Maharajganj on the east, Basti and Sant Kabir Nagar on the south, and Balrampur on the west. Siddarthnagar's area is 2,752 km2.

Siddharth Nagar at a Glance

Division Basti
Headquarters Naugarh
Government Type Democracy
Area 2,752km2(1,063sqmi)
Density 882/km2(2,280/sqmi)
Languages Hindi,Urdu
Time zone IST(UTC+5:30)
Pin Code 272207
Vehicle Registration UP 55
Lok Sabha Constituency Domariyaganj
Vidhan Sabha Constituency 5

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