Social Infrastructure


  • The state has 58 universities, 10 deemed universities and 36 medical colleges.
  • In 2010-11, there were 3,859 colleges in the state.
  • Numerous universities in the state have excellent departments of engineering. The Banaras Hindu University at Banaras, founded in 1916, is one of the oldest universities in the country.
  • Uttar Pradesh was one of the first few states to have successfully implemented the "education for all" policy. The state has made investments towards enhancing the standard of education across different levels.
  • The state has a good presence of private players in the education sector. Amity University in Noida has emerged as one of the biggest private universities in India.
  • In the budget for 2013-2014, the state government allocated US$ 6,054.7 million for basic education, expansion of education and improvement of its quality.
  • According to the provisional data of Census 2011, Uttar Pradesh has a literacy rate of 69.7 per cent; the male literacy rate is 79.2 per cent and the female literacy rate is 59.3 per cent.

Educational Infrastructure

Universities 58
Colleges 3,859
Medical colleges 36
Polytechnics 425
Primary schools 153,874
Upper primary schools 62,625

Major educational institutes in Uttar Pradesh are as follows:

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur.
  • Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow.
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.
  • Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology,Allahabad.
  • Asian Academy of Film and Television, Noida.
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar.
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Allahabad.
Category Literacy rate (%)
Total 69.7
Male 79.2
Female 59.3


  • The state has a three-tier public healthcare infrastructure, comprising primary health centres (PHCs), health units, community health centres (CHCs) and sub-centres
  • As on March 2012, the state had 20,521 sub-centres, 3,692 PHCs, 515 CHCs, 152 district hospitals and 133 mobile medical units (MMU) to provide a range of preventive and curative healthcare services.

Health infrastructure (March 2012)

Medical colleges 100
District hospitals 152
Primary health centres 3,692
Sub centres 20,521
Community health centres 515
Ayurvedic hospitals 1,774
Unani hospitals 210

The state government allocated US$ 2,051.7 million in 2013–14 for various medical healthcare and family welfare schemes.

Health indicators (2012)

Parameter Uttar Pradesh
Government hospital beds per 100,000 population 28.2
Birth rate 27.4
Death rate 7.7
Infant mortality rate 53
Life expectancy at birth (year)
Male (2002-06) 64.0
Female (2002-06) 64.4
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