State Profile

State Profile

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Uttar Pradesh is the rainbow land where the Indian Culture has blossomed from times immemorial. Blessed with a variety of geographical land and many cultural diversities, Uttar Pradesh, has been the area of activity of historical heroes like - Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Mahavira, Ashoka, Harsha, Akbar and Mahatma Gandhi.

Rich and tranquil expanses of meadows, perennial rivers, dense forest land, fertile soil of Uttar Pradesh have contributed numerous golden chapters to the annals of Indian History. Dotted with various holy shrines and pilgrim places, full of joyous festivals, it plays an important role in the politics, education, culture, industry, agriculture and tourism of India.

Garlanded by the Ganga and Yamuna, the two pious rivers of Indian mythology, Uttar Pradesh is surrounded by Bihar in the East, Madhya Pradesh in the South, Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana in the west and Uttaranchal in the north and Nepal touch the northern borders of Uttar Pradesh, it assumes strategic importance for Indian defense.

Its area of 2, 36, 286 sq kms. lies between latitude 24 deg to 31 deg and longitude 77 deg to 84 deg East. Area wise it is the fourth largest State of India. In sheer magnitude it is half of the area of France, three times of Portugal, four times of Ireland, seven times of Switzerland, ten times of Belgium and a little bigger than England.

The British East India Company came into contact with the Awadh rulers during the reign of IIIrd Nawab of Awadh. There is no doubt that the history of Uttar Pradesh has run concurrently with the history of the country during and after the British rule, but it is also well-known that the contribution of the people of the State in National Freedom Movement had been significant.

State at a Glance

'I had been to other countries - in Europe, Asia and the Middle East - but none of them had provided even half as much variety, or so much to see and experience and remember, as this one State in northern India. You can travel from one end of Australia to the other, but everywhere on that vast continent you will find that people dress in the same way, eat the same kind of food, listen to the same music. This colourless uniformity is apparent in many other countries of the world, both East and West. But Uttar Pradesh is a world in itself.' - Ruskin Bond.

Uttar Pradesh, a land of cultural and geographical diversity, blessed by innumerable tranquil expanses of meadows, perennial rivers, dense forests and fertile soil plays a very important role in the politics, education, culture, industry, agriculture and Tourism of India.

Viewed as the largest tourist destination in India. It is situated in the northern part of India and its neighboring states are Uttaranchal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Himanchal Pradesh and whereas Nepal is the neighboring country.

Himalayas in the north and is garlanded by Ganga and Yamuna. Throughout the lengths of the Ganga and the Yamuna right from their sources down to their majestic deltas, the land abounds with beautiful spots and pilgrim centers.

Uttar Pradesh has a glorious history, the land of Rama, Krishna, Buddha and Mahavir. The epics Ramayana and the Mahabharata, were written in Uttar Pradesh, a land replete with tales of ages gone by, of tales about Lord Rama and his kingdom of Ayodhya, of the Buddha and his teachings, of the Mughals and their art, culture and exquisite architecture, and of the British and the First War of Indian Independence in 1857.

It is also home of India's most visited site, the Taj Mahal, The oldest living and holiest city Varanasi, countless shrines and pilgrimages which hold a special significance in the lives of the Indian people. Uttar Pradesh also possesses several most respected pilgrimages of Muslims such as Dargahs, Mosques and Tombs while it is the heart of Buddhism and origin of Jainism.

There are other cities of Uttar Pradesh such as Mathura- Vrindavan which will pacify and mollify your inner self and make your pilgrimage tour completely soothing and ethereal.

Kathak, one of the eight forms of Indian classical dances, is originated from Uttar Pradesh. Cuisine of Uttar Pradesh like Awadhi cuisine and Mughlai cuisine, are very famous not only in India but also abroad.

Uttar Pradesh is known to be shopper's delight. No where in India you get a range of products on offering as in Uttar Pradesh. Moradabad is famous throughout the world for its brassware and bronzes. Nearby is Aligarh, a town famous for its locks, Firozabad is famous for Bangles and Awadh region, Lucknow world famous for Chikankari works on the clothes. In the eastern Uttar Pradesh region, Varanasi is famous for its Zardozi works.The city is also famous for its saris. The Banarsi Saris are a must buy in Indian weddings.Bareilly is famous for Zardozi work and Saharanpur is famous for wood work

Almost each and every town of Uttar Pradesh has something or other for you to offer because the state has a rich art, culture and tradition, which make the popular items for shopping in Uttar Pradesh.

Key Facts

Latitude 27° 40' N
Longitude 80° 00' E
Area 2,40,928 Square km.
Time Zone 5:30 hours ahead with GMT
ISD Code The series starts with +915
Population (As per census 2011 Provisional data) 19,95,81,477
(a) Males 10,45,96,415
(b) Females 94,985,062

Total Literacy Rate

Persons 69.72 percent
a)Male Literacy 79.24 percent
b)Female Literacy 59.26 percent

Other Information

Capital LUCKNOW
Language Hindi , Urdu, English
High Court Allahabad
Bench Lucknow
Districts 75
Cities & Towns 689
Development blocks 820
Nagar Nigams 12
Members of Lok Sabha from U.P. 80
Members of Rajya Sabha from U.P. 30
Members of U.P. Legislative Assembly 404
Members of U.P. Legislative Council 100
Crops Paddy, Wheat, barley, Millet, Maize, Urad (Black Gram), Moong (Green Gram) Arhar etc.
Fruits Mango, Guava
Handicrafts Chikan-work, Embroidery,Furniture, Clay-toys,Carpet weaving,Silk,Bangles & Brassware work.
Main Industries Cement, Vegetable Oil, Textiles, Cotton Yarn, Sugar, Jute, Locks, Carpet, Brassware, Glassware, Bangles and Marble Inlay etc
Rivers Ganga, Yamuna, Gomti, Ram Ganga, Ghagra, Betwa, Ken
Folk Dances Charkula, Karma, Pandav, Pai-danda, Tharu, Dhobia, Raai, Shaira etc.
Tourist & Historical Places Agra, Mathura-Vrindavan, Ayodhya, Allahabad, Buddhist Circuit(Kaushambi), Kapilvastu, Kushinagar ,Sankisa, Shravasti, Sarnath (Varanasi) Chitrakoot, Lucknow, Jhansi, etc.
International Airport Lucknow & Varanasi
Emergency Numbers
Police 100
Fire 101
Ambulance 102
Women Helpline 1090

Source : Statistical Department U.P. & Directorate Census, Lucknow

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